P2P Bitcoin Trade Volumes and Inflation in Latin America ...
P2P Bitcoin Trade Volumes and Inflation in Latin America ...
Statistical Analysis of the Exchange Rate of Bitcoin
Statistical Analysis of the Exchange Rate of Bitcoin
Bitcoin Realized Volatility Drops; Level Last Time Led to ...
Bitcoin: Medium of exchange or speculative assets ...
If you missed the AMA
AMA AT DETECTIVE ID (25/06/2020) Before welcoming any questions, I would like to briefly introduce STATERA PROJECT. Statera is a smart contract deflationary token pegged to a cryptocurrency index fund. By including STA in an index fund with Link, BTC, ETH, and SNX you can buy one token and access the price action of four of the leading cryptocurrencies. You can also invest directly in the index fund (balancer pool) and receive the benefits of fees and BAL tokens paid to you while also having an automatically balanced fund. Lastly the deflationary mechanics of STA increases the chance for positive price action while decreasing beta (volatility). This is all found in a smart contract that is fully decentralized, the founders can no longer augment the contract in any way and this has been confirmed by a third party code audit through Hacken. Q1 : please explain in more detail about Statera, what is the background of this project? and when was it established? The dev of this project had previously created another deflationary token BURN. When the Balancer Labs released the Balancer Protocol, he had an idea to combine the two, deflationary token and a pool of tokens, making the first deflationary index fund. It started in the end of May and on the 3rd iteration, May 29th - a trustless version was launched that we see today. As briefly explained earlier, STATERA or STA is an Index Deflationary Token built on Ethereum blockchain; Index: Contains a token suite of world class leading crypto assests BTC, ETH, LINK, SNX with STA. Deflationary: On every transaction of STA 1% of the transacted amount is sent to 0x address on ethereum, burned forever, thus reducing the circulating supply of STA Index+Deflationary: STA is mixed with BTC, ETH, LINK SNX in a portfolio, backed by liquidity on a protocol known as balancer (balancer.finance) This platform serves as a market maker for the token suit. The Index suite is of equal rate of 20%, that is 20% of BTC, ETH, SNX LINK and STA, Thus, anytime there is an increase in value of any of those coins or tokens, balancer automatically trade them for STA in order to keep the token suit ratio balanced. And anytime there is an increase in the value of STA, the same process applies. while doing this trade, it enables further burning on every transaction, thus facilitating more token scarcity. In addition to this, Statera was deployed with contract finalised, that is, the index suite can not be altered, It is completely out of Dev's control. Q2 : What are the achievements that have been obtained by Statera in 2020? And what goals do you want to achieve in 2020? By this we assume the questionnaire is asking for a roadmap! First, the project is barely a month old, and within just a month, our liquidity has grown from $50,000 to over $400,000 currently above $300,000. Among the things we have accomplished so far is the creation of market value for STA's Balancer liquidity pool token BPT, which is currently over $1000 per one BPT. Regarding what we set to achieve: The future is filled with many opportunities and potentials, currently, we are working on a massive campaign to introduce our product to the outside world. We have already made contact with different and reputable forums and channels regarding marketing and advertisement offers, some which we are currently negotiating, some which we are awaiting response. All we can say for now is that the Team is working hard to make this the Investment opportunity every crypto enthusiast has been waiting for. Statera has the goal of putting cryptocurrency into every portfolio. We believe we have a product that increases the returns of investing in cryptocurrencies and makes it easier to diversify in this space. We have done so much in June: articles, how to videos, completed the audit, tech upgrades like one token liquidity additions, and beginning our many social communities. We have been hard at work behind the scenes but things like sponsorships, features, and media take time, content makers need days if not weeks to develop content, especially the best of the best. We are working tirelessly, we will not disappoint. We have plans for 2020-2025 and will release those in the next month. They are big and bold, you’re going to be impressed by the scale of our vision, when we say “Cryptocurrency in every portfolio” we mean it. In 2020 more specifically we are focused on more media, videos, product offerings, and exchanges. Q3 : What is the purpose of STA token? How can we get STA? The purpose of STA is an investment in the first deflationary index fund. The whole index's value rises from these aspects: 1. The index funds (WBTC,WETH,SNX,LINK) appreciate in value 2. When the index tokens are traded, the pool receives transaction fees - 1% 3. STA burns on transactions, so it's deflationary nature increases its value as the total supply drops 4. Balancer rewards Index holders with BAL token airdrops every week You can invest via the 'Trade' links in stateraproject.com website. Easiest way is to do it using ETH. The monetary policy of our token is set in stone and constantly deflationary. This negative supply pressure is a powerful mechanism in economics and price discovery. Through the lowering of supply we can decrease your beta (volatility) and increase your alpha (gains). Our token is currently only top 40 in liquidity on Balancer, however our volume is top 10! You want to know why? Because Statera works. Statera increases arbitrage, volume, fees, BAL rewards, and liquidity. Our liquidity miners in our Balancer pool are already making some of the highest BAL rewards on the platform, one user we spoke with made 18% in June, that’s over 150% APY! Our product is working, 100% (or you could say 150%), and when people start to see that, and realize the value, the sky's the limit. Q4 : can we as a user do STA mining? The supply of STA doesn't increase anymore, it only decreases due to the burn feature. So there is no way to mine anymore STA. Only way to acquire the tokens is via an exchange. The monetary policy of our token is set in stone and constantly deflationary. This negative supply pressure is a powerful mechanism in economics and price discovery. Through the lowering of supply we can decrease your beta (volatility) and increase your alpha (gains). Our token is currently only top 40 in liquidity on Balancer, however our volume is top 10! You want to know why? Because Statera works. Statera increases arbitrage, volume, fees, BAL rewards, and liquidity. Our liquidity miners in our Balancer pool are already making some of the highest BAL rewards on the platform, one user we spoke with made 18% in June, that’s over 150% APY! Our product is working, 100% (or you could say 150%), and when people start to see that, and realize the value, the sky's the limit. Q5 : The ecosystem of a public chain has a lot to do with the level of engagement and participation of third-party developers. How does Statera support the developers? Not really. Our project is focusing on investment opportunities for the cryptocurrencies. The cryptocurrency tokens that are not used and are just sitting in a wallet can work for you by being added to an index fund and appreciate in value over time. First off, what we have created is a new asset class, I’ll repeat that, a new asset class. This asset has never existed: “Deflationary Index Fund,” what does that mean for finance? What will developers do with this? It’s hard to give a finite answer. We hope there are future economic papers on our token and what it means to be a deflationary index fund. With the addition of synthetic assets and oracles you can put any asset into the DeFi space: Gold, Nikkei 225, USD, etc. STA can be combined with any assets and bring the benefits of it’s ecosystem and deflationary mechanism to that asset. STA, the token itself, also gives you access to the price action of any asset it is paired with. Put simply STA’s balancer pool(s) give you a benefit in holding them, and STA’s price will reflect it’s inclusion in Balancer Pool(s) (and possibly future financial instruments), so STA is a bet on DeFi as a whole. When we say as whole, we mean as whole: what happens if you include STA in a crypto loan, or package it with a synthetic S&P 500 token, or use it as fee payment in a DeFi platform? Being fully decentralized it is up to our community to make this happen, social engagement and community are key. We are constantly bringing community members onto our team and rewarding those that benefit the ecosystem. in addition, Statera is a fully community project now. Paul who is the current team leader was an ordinary member of the community weeks ago, due to his interest and support for the project, he started dedicating his time to the project. Quite a number of community members are also in the same position, while Statera was developed by an individual, it is being built by the entire Statera community Community Questions (Twitter): Q1 From: @KazimKara35 The project tells us that the acquisition and sale of data between participants is protected by code of conduct and how safe is deployed on the blockchain, but how do you handle regulations while operating on a global scale? Statera is decentralized token, similar to other utility crypto tokens and same regulations apply to it as others. his is actually a benefit of our decentralized nature. This isn’t legal advice, however in the past regulating bodies have ruled that the more decentralized a project is, especially from launch, the less likely they are to be deemed a security (see: Ethereum). This means they can be traded more freely and be available on more platforms. We are as decentralized as you can be. The data itself is all secured through the blockchain which has been shown to be a highly secure medium. We do not store any of your data and as long as you follow best practices in blockchain security there are no added security risks of using Statera. We don’t, and literally can’t, hold anymore personal information than is made available in any blockchain transaction. and that "personal information" is more likely than not just your ethereum wallet address, no "real world" data is included in transactions Q2 from: @Michael_NGT353 What is Mechanism you use On your Project sir? Are you Use PoS,PoW or other Mechanism Can you explain why you use it and what is Make it Different? Our token is an ERC-20 token and it's running on the Ethereum blockchain. The Ethereum's POW mechanism is currently supporting the Statera token We run on Ethereum, so we are currently PoW. With ETH 2.0 we will hopefully be PoS this year (hopefully). We use it because ETH has over 100 million addresses and around a million daily transactions. We are currently at about 1,900 token holders, we are just touching the edge of what is possible in this market. We chose the biggest and the best network available right now to launch our product. We think the upside is huge because of this choice. Being the biggest network it is also one of the most secure, no high risk vulnerabilities have been found in Ethereum or in our code (we've had our code audited by a third party, Hacken, and you can read their audit on our Medium page), so we also have security on our side Q3 From : @Ryaaan_Nguyen Can you list some of Statera outstanding features for everyone here to know about? What are the products that Statera is focusing on developing? As mentioned earlier by GC, First off, what we have created is a new asset class, I’ll repeat that, a new asset class. This asset has never existed: “Deflationary Index Fund,” what does that mean for finance? What will developers do with this? It’s hard to give a finite answer. We hope there are future economic papers on our token and what it means to be a deflationary index fund. With the addition of synthetic assets and oracles you can put any asset into the DeFi space: Gold, Nikkei 225, USD, etc. STA can be combined with any assets and bring the benefits of it’s ecosystem and deflationary mechanism to that asset. STA, the token itself, also gives you access to the price action of any asset it is paired with. Put simply STA’s balancer pool(s) give you a benefit in holding them, and STA’s price will reflect it’s inclusion in Balancer Pool(s) (and possibly future financial instruments), so STA is a bet on DeFi as a whole. When we say as whole, we mean as whole: what happens if you include STA in a crypto loan, or package it with a synthetic S&P 500 token, or use it as fee payment in a DeFi platform? We touched on this a bit in the question on what makes us special compared to other exchanges. We have created a product that synergizes with Balancer Pools creating a symbiotic relationship that improves the outcomes for users (our product can also synergize with future DeFi products). By including STA in an index fund with Link, BTC, ETH, and SNX you can buy one token and access the price action of four of the leading cryptocurrencies. You can also invest directly in the index fund (balancer pool) and receive the benefits of fees and BAL tokens paid to you while also having an automatically balanced portfolio (like an index fund with dividends). Lastly, the deflationary mechanics of STA increases the chance for positive price action while decreasing beta. We want to package Statera with assets across the whole cryptocurrency space, with an emphasis on DeFi. We also want everyday people to be able to invest quickly in crypto while also feeling reassured their investment is set up to succeed. We are focused on developing a name brand that people go to first and foremost when investing in crypto: cryptocurrency in every portfolio. This is all found in a smart contract that is fully decentralized, the founders can no longer augment the contract in any way and this has been confirmed by the third party code audit. This is a feature in and of itself, some argue that Bitcoin’s true value is in it’s network effect, first mover advantage, and immutability. Statera is modeled on all three of those and has those features in spades. The community now owns our token, the power in that, giving finance and power to the people, is why we are here. Q4 From : @futcek What do you think about the possibility of creating new use cases in DeFi space for existing real world assets by using crypto technology? What role do you see in this creation for Statera? I think my answer above actually answers this perfectly, Statera in and of itself is a “new use case”, a “deflationary index fund” has never existed, I’ll copy and paste the other relevant part: “With the addition of synthetic assets and oracles you can put any asset into the DeFi space: Gold, Nikkei 225, USD, etc. STA can be combined with any assets and bring the benefits of it’s ecosystem and deflationary mechanism to that asset. STA, the token itself, also gives you access to the price action of any asset it is paired with. Put simply STA’s balancer pool(s) give you a benefit in holding them, and STA’s price will reflect it’s inclusion in Balancer Pool(s) (and possibly future financial instruments), so STA is a bet on DeFi as a whole. When we say as whole, we mean as whole: what happens if you include STA in a crypto loan, or package it with a synthetic S&P 500 token, or use it as fee payment in a DeFi platform? Being fully decentralized it is up to our community to make this happen, social engagement and community are key. We are constantly bringing community members onto our team and rewarding those that benefit the ecosystem.” Statera is a way to make your investment more successful, and owning Statera let's you benefit from other people using it to make their investments more successful (a self feeding cycle). Q5 From : @Carmenzamorag Statera's deflationary system is based in that with every transaction 1% of the amount is destroyed, would this lead to lack of supply and liquidity in the long term future? How would that be fixed? The curve of supply is asymptote, meaning that it will never reach zero. The idea is that the deflationary process will slowly decrease the supply of STA, which – combined with a fixed or increaseing demand – will result in STA appreciating in value. Evidently, as the STA token increases in value, the amounts of STA being traded will slowly decrease: The typical investor might buy 10.000 STA at the current rate, but in the future (proportional to an increase in the valueation of STA) this number will tend to decrease, hence the future investor might only buy 1000 STA. This of course results in less STA being burned. Additionally, STA is divisible to the 18th decimal, why – even if the supply was to reach 1 STA – there would be a sufficient supply. Well this would be a question for a Mathematician, and luckily we’re loaded with them (as seen above)! I’ll try to illustrate with an example. 1% of 100 million is 1 million, 1% of 10 million is 100,000. As we go down in supply the burn is less by volume. What also happens at lower supply is higher prices (supply and demand economics). So those 1 million tokens burned may be worth $20,000, but by the time overall supply is at 10 million those 100,000 tokens may also be worth $20,000 or even more. This means you transact “less”, if you want to buy 1 Ether now with Statera you need 8,900 STA which would burn 89 tokens. If Statera is worth $100 you only need 2.32 statera (.023 tokens burned). Along with this proportional and relative burn decrease, tokens are 18 decimals long, so even when we get to 1 token left (which mathematically would take decades if not centuries, but that is wholly dependent on usage), you are still left with 10 to the 18th power, or one quintillion “tokens”. So it’s going to take us a while to have supply issues :) Nuked Phase (3rd Part) Q) What is your VISION and Mission? Our working mission and vision: Mission: Provide every investor with simple and effective ways to invest in cryptocurrency. Decrease volatility and increase positive price pressure in cryptocurrency investments. Lower the barrier to entry for more advanced investment tools. Be a community focused and community driven cryptocurrency, fully decentralized by every meaning of the word. Vision: We aspire to put “cryptocurrency in every portfolio”. We envision a world where finance is given back to the people and wealth building strategies withheld only for affluent individuals are given to all. We also strive to create an investment environment based on sound monetary policy and all the power that comes with a sound asset. Q) What are the benefits of STA for its investors in long term? Does STA have Afrika as an important area for its expansion? We have ties to Africa and see Statera as a way for anyone and everyone to invest in cryptocurrency. The small marketcap of statera makes it's price low and it's upside massive. Right now if you wanted to be exposed to the price action of four cryptocurrencies (BTC, ETH, Link, SNX) Statera is a way to gain that exposure in a way that has a huge upside, compared to the other four assets, there are risks in investing in any small cap but with those risk come outsized rewards (not investment advice and all answers are solely my opinions 😊) Q) In the long run, why should we trust and follow STATERA? How do you raise awareness and elimination of the doubts of investors / partners / customers?. You're really asking "How do I trust myself and other crypto investors" The project is FULLY decentralized, it is now in the hands of the community. We would venture a guess that the community wants their investment to succeed and be worth more in the future, so you are betting on people. wanting to make themselves money on their own investment. This is a pretty sure bet. The community being active and engaged is key, and we have short term and long term plans to ensure this happens Q) No one can doubt the strength of #Statera. But can you tell us some of the challenges and difficulties you're presently facing? How can you possibly overcome them? We're swinging outside our weightclass, we don't see litecoin or SNX, or any other crypto product as our competition. Our competition is NASDAQ, Fidelity, etc. We want to provide world class financial instruments that only the wealthy have access to in the traditional world to everyone. Providing liquidity, risk parity, being paid to provide liquidity, unique value propositions, are all things we want to bring to everyone. However we are coming up in a hectic space, everyday their is fud and defamation on the web, but that is the sandbox we chose to play in and we aren't grabbing our ball and going home. We can tell you that we will not disappoint and fighting all the fud that comes along with being a small and upstart project only fuel our fire. Building legitimacy is our largest challenge and looking at our audit, financial report, and some things you will see in the coming weeks, we hope you see we are facing those challenges head on. Q) What is the actual uniqueness of #Statera.??? Can you guys please explain tha advantages of #Statera over other projects.?? When we launched there were no other products like ours. There are now copies, and we wish them the best, but we have the best product, hands down. Over the next couple weeks this will become apparent, if it hasn't already, also a lot of the AMA answers dug deeper into our unique value proposition, especially the benefits we provide to Balancer Pools which shows the benefits we would provide for any index fund. We are a tool to improve cryptocurrency investing Q) Fragmentation, layering and cross-chain are three future solutions for high-performance blockchains. Where is Statera currently? What are the main reasons for taking this direction? We operate on the Ethereum chain, as it upgrades our services and usability will upgrade. We are working on UI and more user friendly systems to onboard people into our ecosystem Q) How STATERA plan to make room and make this project known in the world of crypto, full of technology and full of new projects very good in today's market? We think we have a truly innovative product, which - when first understood - appeals to most investors. Whether you want a high-volatility/medium-risk token like STA or whether you are more conservative and simply just plan on adding to the Statera pool BPT (which is not nearly as volatile but still offers great returns). We plan on making Statera known to the crypto world through a marketing campaign which slowly will be unravelled in the comming days and weeks. If interested, you can check out an analysis of the different investment options in the Statera ecosystem in our first financial report: https://medium.com/@stateraproject/statera-financial-reports-b47defb58a18 Q) Hello, cryptocurrencies are very volatile and follow bitcoin ... and does this apply to Statera? or is there some other logic present in some way? is statera token different from a current token? Are you working on listings on other exchanges? Currently uniswap is somewhat uncomfortable for fees. We are also on bamboo relay, saturn network, and mesa. Statera will be volatile like all cryptocurrency, this is a small and nascent space. But with the deflationary mechanic and balancer pool, over time, as marketcap grows it will become less volatile and more positively reactive to price. Q) Security is one of the most essential characteristics for a project to get reputation. How can #Statera Team assure to their community that users assets and investments will stay safe from unwanted agents? We have been third party audited by the same company that worked with VeChain to audit their code. Our code has been shown to be bulletproof. Unless Ethereum comes up with a fatal security flaw there is nothing that can happen to our contract (there is no backdoor, no way for anyone to edit or adjust the smart contract). Q) Many investors see the project from the price of the coin. Can you give us advantages why Statera is so suitable for long-term investment? and what makes Statera different from other similar projects? Sometimes the simplest solutions are the most effective. A question you can ask is “What if this fails”? But you can also ask, “What if this succeeds”? Cryptocurrency is filled with asymmetric risks, we think if you look into the value proposition you will find that there is a huge asymmetric risk/reward in Statera, and we will make that even clearer in our soon to be released litepaper. You are on the ground floor of a simple but highly effective solution to onboarding people into defi, cryptocurrencies, and investing. Our product reduces volatility and increases gains (decreases beta and increases alpha in investor terms), which is highly attractive in any investment. The down side is there but the upside outweighs it exponentially (asymmetric risk) Q) What your plans in place for global expansion, are Statera focusing on only market at this time? Or focus on building and developing or getting customers and users, or partnerships? Can you explain this? We have reached out to influencers in other countries and things are in the works. We have also translated documents and are working on having them in at least 4 languages by the end of July. We were founded globally, our team is global, and we are focused on reaching all 7 billion people. Q) Now in the cryptofield everyday there are new projects joining in the Blockchain space. They are upgraded, Well-established and coming up with innovative technology. How Statera going to compete with them? What do you think, one day Statera will become useless And will be lost into the abyss of time for not bringing any new technology? We are the first of our kind, no one had a deflationary index fund before us. Index funds will be the future of crypto (look at the popularity of etfs and indexes in the traditional markets). We are a tool to make your index function better and pay you more. As long as people care about crypto index funds they will care about the value STA brings to that. We have an involved and long term plan to reach dominance over a 5 year span, this is not a flash in the pan, big things coming Q1. You say that the weight and proportions of your tokens are constant. So how have you managed to prevent market price speculation from generating hypervolability in your token price? Do you consider yourselves a kind of stablecoin? Q2. How many jurisdictions allow the use of Stratera products and services? Are they available for Latin America? @joloroeowo The balancer ensures an equal ratio of 20% amongst the five tokens included in our fund. This, however, does not imply that the tokens are stable. Rather, the Balancer protocol helps mitigating price fluctuations. Q) How can I as a Statera participant participate in liquidity mining, and receive BAL as reward? What are the use cases of $STA token, and how are users motivated to buy and hold long term? The easiest way is to go to stateratoken.com and click trade then BPT. You can also buy all five tokens and click on portfolio then add liquidity. Balancer is working on a simpler interface to add liquidity with one token, we are waiting on them. I think we explained the use cases above Q) What do you plan have for global expansion, is Statera currently focused solely on the market? Or is it focused on building and developing or acquiring customer and user or partnership relationships? Can you explain it? We are currently working on promoting the project and further develope our product, making it lucrative for more new investors to join our pool and invest in the STA token. Q1) Statera have 2 types of tokens, so can you tell me the differences between STA and STAC ? What are their uses cases? Is possible Swap between them? Q2) Currently the only possible Swap or "exchange" possible is Uniswap, so you do have plans to list the STA token into a more Exchanges? STAC is obsolete, we only have STA and BPT (go to our website and click on trade) stateratoken.com BPT gives you more diversification and less risk, STA gives you more volatility and more chance for big gains. Q2 we are on multiple exchanges (4), bamboo relay, saturn, and mesa we do have plans for future exchanges but the big ones have processes and hoops to jump through that can't be done so quickly Q) What business scenarios can STATERA support now? In which industries can we see the mass adoption of STATERA technology in the near future? Statera increases the effectiveness of your cryptocurrency investments. Specifically it makes cryptocurrency index funds function better, netting you higher returns, which we have already seen in just one month of implementation. Right now, today, you can buy our BPT token and increase the functionality of holding a crypto index fund. In the future we want every single web user to see and use our product Q) Do you plan to migrate to other platforms like Tron, BinanceChain, EOS, etc. if it is feasible?? Migrating our current contract is not. Starting new offerings on those other chains could be possible, they aren't on our radar currently but if the community requests them we are driven by our community Q) ETH Blockchain is a Blockchain have many token based in it, i have used ETH blockchain long time and i see it have big fee and need much time to make a transcation so Why you choose to based STA in ETH blockchain not other like Bep2 or Trc20 ? Simply: 100 million addresses, 1 million transactions a day. The more users we have the more we will benefit our community. We hope ETH 2.0 scaling will fix the problems you mention. Q) No one achieve anything of value on its own, please can you share about Statera present and future partnerships that will drive you to success in this highly congested crypto space? We have a unique product that no one else has (there are people who have copied us). We can't announce our current and future partnerships yet, but they will be released soon. Our future hopes of partnerships are big and will be key to our future, know we are focused on making big partnerships, some you may not even be thinking about. Q) According to the fact that your algorithm causes 1% of each transaction to be destroyed, I would like to know, then, how you plan to finance yourself as a project in the long term? The project is now in the hands of the community and we are a team of passionate people volunteering to help promote and develope the Statera ecosystem. But then, how do we afford running a promo campaign? We have lots of great community members donating funds that goes to promoting the project. In other words, the community helps financing the project. And so far, we have created a fantastic community consisting of passionate and well-educated people! Q) There are many cryptocurrency startups were established by talent teams, but they got problem in raising capital via token sales due to many factors as bear market, bankrupt etc. This leaded their potential startups fail. So how will Statera break these barriers and attract more funds from outside crypto space? We are community focused and community ran. When you look at centralized cryptocurrencies you can see the negative of them (Tron, ADA, etc.) We believe being fully decentralized is the true power position. You the owner of statera can affect our future and must affect our future. This direct ownership means people need to mobilize and organize to push us forward, and it is in their best self interest to do so. It's a bet on our community, we're excited about that bet Q) What business scenarios can STATERA support now? In which industries can we see the mass adoption of STATERA technology in the near future? Statera increases the effectiveness of your cryptocurrency investments. Specifically it makes cryptocurrency index funds function better, netting you higher returns, which we have already seen in just one month of implementation. Right now, today, you can buy our BPT token and increase the functionality of holding a crypto index fund. In the future we want every single web user to see and use our product Q) Why being a hybrid of a liquidity pool and an index fund? What are the main benefits about this? By being a liquidity pool the exchange side of the pool (balancer also functions as an exchange) gives you added liquidity for more effortless, effective, and cheaper rebalancing. You also benefit from getting paid the fee when people use the exchange AND getting paid BAL tokens that are worth $15-20 USD. These are not benefits you get with an index fund, meanwhile the liquidity pool rebalances just like an index fund would Q) Which specific about technology and strategy of #STA that make you believe it will be successful and what does #STA plan do to attract more users in the upcoming time? I think the idea behind Statera is truly ingenious. We have made an index fund, which investors are highly(!) incentivised to invest in, namely because the ROI, so far, has been huge. An increase in the pool liquidity (index fund) indirectly translates into an increase in the price of STA, why we think the STA token - combined with its deflationary nature - will increase in the long run. The mechanism behind this is somewhat complex, but to better get an understanding of it, I suggest you visit our medium page and read more about the project: https://medium.com/@stateraproject
…a smart contract deflationary token within a portfolio of selective coins/token built on the Ethereum blockchain. INTRODUCTION BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY IS CHANGING, DEFI IS EVOLVING! Blockchain technology is changing the World forever, over the past decade, the introduction of blockchain technology to the world and especially the world finance system has proven how convenient and secured the World's finance system can be. Blockchain has proven its' worth to be an essential tool in the world finance system. Varying from a different mode of transaction to the flexible usage of it. The Ethereum blockchain has played and still playing a significant role in Blockchain finance evolution. With over a hundred projects out there, each aiming and claiming to solve the problem of financing system in the world, Decentralized Finance DeFi has proven to play an essential role in this regard. Deflationary Projects arise amidst the flow of developers developing ways of making a project unique and scarce through constant reduction of total supply during a transaction. Over the past few years, many projects attempted this approach, however, they failed to achieve this goal as a result of the unsustainability of the project, or the utter intent of some of the developers to scam people of their money. Nevertheless, previous deflationary cryptocurrency attempts have proven the fact that this method alone will not make a project unique or scarce. Hence, a few projects attempted to apply other interesting features to their deflationary projects, some of which are discussed briefly below. DEFALTIONARY PROJECTS Through a constant reduction of total supply as a result of a certain percentage of each token transaction sent to 0x address, a deflationary project aims to reduce its total supply to make it scarce, thus increasing the demand and value of the project. BOMB The first project to start this on-chain action was BOMB token. With every transaction on BOMB, 1% of the supply is sent to 0xaddress and lost forever, this is known as BURN. Unfortunately, this didn't work for a long time as anticipated, turns out it takes a project more than just that to make it demanding. In light of this, a few other deflationary projects decided to add extra features to its deflationary attribute. SHUF A good example of this is another deflationary project called Shuffle Token (SHUF) burn 1% on every transaction, and randomly send another 1% to any of the top 512 holding addresses, this second feature is known as Heap. BSOV The third example of a deflationary project with an extra feature isBitcoinSov (BSoV). This deflationary project also has a 1% burn, but its extra feature is mining. This is the only mineable deflationary project in existence as of today. RTK The last example is Ruletka(RTK). Ruletka is an experimental ERC20 token, it was developed in the small town of Alatyr in Russia. When a transaction is made using RTK a number is chosen between 1 and 6. If 6 is chosen, the coins in the transaction will be sent to the 0x address and burned. It was developed based on the legend Russian Roulette life gambling game. Regardless, deflationary projects are yet to receive the world's attention as most of them struggles to be sustainable. INDEX FUND For the past two years, Decentralized Finance or DeFi has been undergoing a series of changes and development. DeFi is aimed at providing solutions to the challenges being faced by traditional financial systems using Etherium blockchain as its primary station. What is Index Fund? Investopedia.com described index funds as a type of mutual fund with a portfolio constructed to match or track the components of a financial market index, providing broad market exposure with low operating expenses and low portfolio turnover. Market Index A hypothetical portfolio of investment holdings representing a segment of the financial market. The calculation of the index value comes from the prices of the underlying holdings.Investopedia. 2017 was a significant year for crypto, however, was succeeded by the extended bear market. The long bear market made it difficult for investors to select which market they are to invest in. since the rise of the crypto market, it has been experiencing a series of ups and downs, making it difficult, especially for retail investors to select the market they are to invest in. the idea of index market in the blockchain industry is something not usually mentioned, while most investors preferred to long or short on BTC or other Alts. CRYPTOCURRENCY INDEX FUND Late 2019 and early 2020, cryptocurrency index funds are becoming an item of discussion and interest in the cryptocurrency investment world. A cryptocurrency index fund prevents an investor from the stress of constant or active management of their crypto fund portfolio. They help spread risks by diversifying an investment across a broad selection of coins, protected from the crypto market volatility. This means your fund is being handled for you, which of course necessitates a form fee. While fees vary from one index fund manager to the other, the differences in fees don't guarantee the performance of one manager over the other. Among the popular cryptocurrency index funds that are currently available on the market as of 2020 includes:
Coinbase Index Fund
CBI Index 7 (CBIX7).
Note: this article does not prescribe an index fund or tokens for readers to invest in, rather make your research before investing. INDEXED-DEFLATIONARY TOKEN The idea behind an indexed deflationary token is to keep cutting the circulating supply on a transaction basis, coupled with an investment in diverse selective coins on the Ethereum blockchain market. Using balancer, the idea is to have a deflationary token inside a pool with other assets for example; USDC, ENJ, LINK, KNC, etc. along with the deflationary token itself, all of which are in one pool. When the token is bought, it will automatically re-balance into other sets in the pool, increasing the trade volume and at the same time burning. A mix of index/portfolio token with a deflationary token. STA STATERA [STA] Statera, in Latin, means Balance. STA is a smart contract deflationary token within a portfolio of selective coins/token built on the Ethereum blockchain. The index portfolio includes four Volatile markets and three Stable markets; ETH, MKR, SNX, LINK, DAI, SUSD, DZAR. Leaving STA with 70% volatility and 30% stability. STA is built on a smart contract, holding all the funds including STA itself. When STA is purchased with ETH, ETH is spread into the weight in the portfolio and STA purchased gets removed from the index amount. The index suit is not fixed, i.e. the coins in the portfolio can be easily replaced should in case the market demand for a change. The index also charges a fee. Every time a trade is executed through it (not a purchase of STA this time around, but swapping DAI for ETH for example), 1% stays behind and is shared between the portfolio. With the deflationary attribute of STA, the more trades that occur, the more valuable it becomes. The idea is that a price difference will lead to auto-balancing, which means burning. There you have it, An Index-Deflationary Token. STATERA [STA] TOKEN INFORMATION Total Supply: 100, 000, 000. Burn rate: 1% on each transaction. Blockchain: Ethereum. Website: Coming Soon. Community:TelegramTwitter Contract address:Etherscan Portfolio address:Zerion Current exchange:1inch Exchange
Risks and advantages of fiat money over gold and cryptocurrencies
Why do people seem to trust fiat currencies so much, despite being nothing but pieces of paper? Because state authorities guarantee that his paper is real money that you can store, exchange, or use to pay for goods and services. We believe that it's nothing but a force of habit. It's been too long since the last crisis that would really devalue the currency of a major country. Of course, we remember that inflation in Germany reached millions of percent after the First World War — but this happened long ago. Of course, we know that the currency of Zimbabwe was recently devalued by a factor of millions – but it's a state that’s been ruled by a dictator until recently. And yes, we see that Venezuela – another authoritarian state – is going through hyperinflation right now. But all this happened or is happening in autocratic countries and can't possibly happen in a civilized state – this is the mantra that we repeat to ourselves. A short historical overview Fiat paper money has only emerged recently. For thousands of years, people used all kinds of items and goods as a means of payment – cowrie shells, gold, copper, bronze, spices, and so on. If at some point, a certain item became too plentiful, its price would fall, and you could therefore get fewer other goods in exchange for it – and vice versa. With time, people realized that paying in cowrie shells, metal bars, or something that could go bad or moldy was too complicated and costly. As with many other issues, it was the ancient Romans who decided to solve the problem once and for all. Every new emperor or dictator made sure to mint coins with their face on them. If there wasn't enough fresh metal available, he would just take coins minted by his predecessor, melt them and make new ones. It's from that point onward that we can track the key problem of fiat money – its constant devaluation. For instance, in early 1st century AD, Romans used denarius – a coin made of pure silver. Just 40 years later, during the reign of Nero, a denarius contained only 94% of silver – and by the end of the century, its silver content fell to 85%. What was the reason? Nero and his successors used this trick to pay less to their creditors. In 2nd century AD, there was less than 50% of silver left in a denarius. In 243, Emperor Philip the Arab reduced the silver content to just 0.05%. After the fall of the Roman Empire in the West, a denarius contained only 0.02% of silver. This way, over the course of roughly 200 years, the inflation of denarii reached several thousand percent. But if we study more recent examples – say, the real value of the US dollar or pound of sterling in the last 200 years – we'll see a similar picture. A forecast for the future Let's go back to the question we asked in the beginning of this article. Why do people trust fiat money? In the past 70 years, we haven't seen any major wars involving developed countries that could radically devalue their currencies. There haven't been any major natural disasters that could seriously damage the economy, either. Sure, such things keep happening in third-world countries, where currencies lose their value due to military coups, uncontrolled printing of new money, and so on. If you ask the population in those third-world countries that have been through hyperinflation how they feel about their fiat money, you'll find that their opinion is just the opposite of that shared by people in the West. That's why gold and jewelry are so popular in the Middle East, and that's why US dollars are in such demand in Latin America. Nobody wants to keep their savings in the local fiat currency – because its long-term stability cannot be guaranteed. Gold is a great way to store value, especially when fiat currency is devalued rapidly for no reason. Here's a simple example. Let's take country Z with a stable economy and equally stable fiat currency. Bob keeps his savings in a deposit account and earns a 5% annual interest. Alice uses her fiat savings to buy physical gold and then either buries it in her garden or stores it in a bank vault. A disaster strikes: a military coup, volcano eruption, flood – you name it. The fiat currency of Z loses most of its value in an instant. And if the government decides to print more money (to pay for disaster relief or as a populist measure), inflation can quickly reach astronomical heights. Bob's savings will be worth nothing – but Alice won't lose anything. If local fiat money is devalued by a factor of 100 relative to the US dollar, its exchange rate relative to gold will fall by a similar amount. Any educated person can understand this – but why are so few people actually buying gold to protect their savings? And why do the majority of people take their money to the bank, even though generations after generations have lost their bank deposits? There is only one issue with storing value in gold: buying it is complicated, costly, and sometimes dangerous. Here we'll cite just a few examples, although we could provide many more: - In many countries you have to pay a fixed tax or VAT when buying gold, ranging from 10% to 25%. This means you'll lose up to a quarter of your money at once. Not such a great investment, is it? - The spread between the buying and selling price of gold often reaches 10%; - Storing gold at home is risky; storing it in a bank vault means paying a fee and can still be dangerous; - In case of a military coup of natural disaster, if you need to exchange your gold for money, you can easily get killed. Modern-day Caracas is a good example: people are attacked even when they are suspected of carrying around as little as $100. Cryptocurrency to the rescue In the context of the issues described above, cryptocurrencies are a god-send for people in third-world countries. Crypto helps preserve the value of money and hide it in case of a crisis. The demand for Bitcoin among the middle class in Africa and Asia is several times higher than in Europe. Why do people prefer Bitcoin and show much less interest in other altcoins? Because the maximum number of Bitcoins is finite. Whatever happens in the world of fiat currencies, even if governments print dozens and hundreds of times more money, new Bitcoins will only enter the market through mining – and over 80% of the total have already been mined. Bitcoin doesn't belong to anyone. There is no organization or country that can control it. In the 10 years that have passed since its launch, nobody has managed to hack the system – while even the leading IT corporations regularly fall victim to hacker attacks. The only real problem is that most holders of fiat money and gold bars find it’s hard to accept Bitcoin's volatility. Indeed, if the BTC price has grown by a factor of 100 or 1000, it could theoretically fall by just as much, completely devaluing one's investment. Who would take such a risk? If only one could invest in digital gold that can't lose its value relative to fiat currencies and free from the risks and complexities of purchasing, storing and selling it that are inherent to physical gold. The future is already here DIGITAL GOLD is a company that has found a solution to the challenge of money storage. In summer 2019, it launched a new stablecoin which serves the purpose of Digital Gold. Now, investors seeking to protect their savings won't have to deal with the costs and dangers of buying physical gold. It's enough to purchase GOLD stablecoins, built on the popular ERC-20 standard. In less than a minute, any person anywhere on the globe can buy $10, $100, or $1000 worth of new digital gold. The tokens will be instantly sent to the buyer's wallet, and the only transaction fee will be the cost of gas. The risk factor is also low, granted that the greatest loss would be losing one's wallet credentials. Exchanging the digital gold back into fiat or another cryptocurrency takes just a minute as well, alongside the gas cost (usually a few cents). Why do we call GOLD stablecoins, digital gold? Because DIGITAL GOLD has pegged it directly to the price of gold at the ratio of 1 token = 1 gram of 99.99% gold. The new stablecoin features several key differences from previous projects that claimed to have gold-pegged tokens:
The number of issued GOLD tokens is equal to the amount of physical gold (in grams) owned by DIGITAL GOLD and stored in a constantly monitored secure vault belonging to BullionStar. Any investor can verify the amount of gold in the vault using the BullionStar audit system at any moment. A total of 7,200 tokens have already been issued, meaning that the company stores 7,200 grams of gold in the vault – a fact confirmed by the BullionStar audit.
New GOLD tokens will only be issued once a new batch of gold is deposited in the vault. For instance, the company might buy 5,000 grams and issue 5,000 new tokens.
DIGITAL GOLD guarantees full liquidity of its tokens. The company is ready to purchase any amount of GOLD through its official marketplace at https://gold.storage/market – at any moment and at a price that’s extremely close to the market price of gold.
If supply seriously exceeds demand, part of the gold can be sold in the commodities market, with a corresponding number of GOLD tokens taken out of circulation.
Dear Pundians, Thank you for participating in the AMA session with Pundi X co-founder and CEO Zac Cheah. For those of you who may have missed it, the live recording of the AMA session held on July 3 at 10:00 am GMT+8, tackling Q2 progress and addressing questions and concerns by the community members, can be viewed here. A side note that today’s AMA video quality and setting was not ideal. We acknowledge this situation and will make improvement for our next AMA session. You may also find a summary of the Q2 progress presentation as well as all the detail Q&A below. ## Pundi X Q2 2019 Highlights * Pundi X has integrated more public chains into our products. In Q2, we completed integration of Binance Chain. NEM chain is in the work. As of today we’ve launched BNB, the Binance Chain native Coin and XEM, NEM native coin on Pundi X payment platform. We will integrate at least one more public chain in Q3. * The transactions on XPOS for Q2 is 15.5 million in USD, which is close to 300% quarterly growth. The number of transactions is 29,367, which leads to a 11% growth QoQ. * XPOS has successfully received FCC and KC certifications. A new certification for Latin American market is on the way. * To expand XPOS footprint, Pundi X’s integration with a new leading mainstream point-of-sales device is in the work. Stay tuned for the announcement. * Pundi X Open Platform was launched in May, 2019, which now supports ERC20 and BEP2 token listing. Moving forward, we will continue to support tokens from other public chains. * A 3,000 XPASS order from DigiX, a gold-based token, and a 10,000 XPASS order from BitCobie this quarter. * XPOS is spread in use in over 30 countries. We’ve published a map of XPOS location of self-report XPOS merchant directory. You can find a list of selected XPOS merchants at [https://www.pundix.com/products\](https://www.pundix.com/products). * The QoQ growth of XWallet is tremendous at 43%. In the previous quarter, we have less than 20k users, whereas in Q2 we have hit 297k XWallet users. More updates on XWallet: * Supported BNB and NEM tokens; 2FA, face ID, and optimized SMS serviceAvailable on iOS, Android as well as in Samsung Galaxy Store New features coming up in Q3:- DApp integration - Decentralized wallet- In-app crypto payments - Chat service, which will be compatible with a commonly used chat app- f(x) testnet features to be rolled out first in XWallet ## Other notices coming up in Q3 2019 * The Q2 token removal will take place on July 14, 2019, which will involve in total 34 billion of NPXS and NPXSXEM (22 million worth in USD) removal. In the past 365 days, we’ve removed a total of 36.1 million US dollar worth of NPXS and NPXSXEM. Before Q2 removal, the total supply of NPXS ERC20 is 266,962,422,906.53 and NPXSXEM is 95,816,218,929. [See Q1 removal here.](/pundix/recap-of-ama-with-zac-on-july-3-and-q2-report-a23de165dd28) * [NPXSXEM will be ported to Binance Chain from July 20](/pundix/npxsxem-will-be-on-binance-chain-c6485f17726b). * XPhone pre-order will start in late July with a new product name. Stay tuned. Check out the teaser video that we are releasing it across our communication channels. ## Q&A ## On XPOS * **Where are we on official global location of XPOS?** Zac: We have made a map on our official website that merchants can self report and feature their locations. It’s at [https://www.pundix.com/product\](https://www.pundix.com/product). We’ll be increasing and updating the map once we have permission form the merchants to update their locations. * **The marketing from pundi has shifted from 100,000–700,000 xpos units by 2021 to 100,000. I understand the bear market has affected this but please share the strategy moving forward to hit your goal. How do you feel about hitting this goal?** Zac: The 100K XPOS target has always been the initial goal and it’s stated in our whitepaper. And we are still working on achieving the goal by the end of 2021. Part of our growth strategy is to also explore the possibility to port our platform to traditional POS manufacturers to increase the adoption, which is ongoing at the moment. * **1 year ago you sent 5000 XPOS somewhere. When, at least half of them, will be working? 3 year target was 100,000 by 2021. Now we have only 150 units, how do you expect to reach this goal?** Zac: Yes, we have shipped thousands of XPOS to over 30 countries in the world. The 150 you’ve mentioned are the featured merchants which are published on the map. The active XPOS devices are deployed over 33 countries and we are actively talking to B2B partners to have higher wholesale and big deployments. * **How many XPOS are live and used?** Zac: We have gone through a very serious bear market, and some of the initial inbound requests for XPOS are not delivered. However, we are working slowly but surely with our Business Development team to not just roll-out into individual buyers, such as what we did on Pizza Day, but also to B2B partners. With the certifications approved, that will also help us to officially roll out to some of the key markets. Individual merchants can use XWallet collection feature to accept crypto payment with QR code. For the merchants who have physical offline storefronts, they can use XPOS to enable the instant crypto transaction seamlessly. Moreover, as mentioned previously, we are exploring the integration on leading traditional POS terminal so that their distributors have option to enable crypto transaction feature. As for the challenge to adopt XPOS, it is the regulatory compliance in different countries. For this, our legal team think ahead and encourage our merchants to complete KYC. I must be very honest to say the activation takes longer time than we expect but it will be worth at the end. * **What’s the average number of transactions per xpos in use?** Zac: The transaction number has increased very well. The number of each XPOS differs, due to the frequency of using crypto currency to purchase item or crypto assets. There’s no standard answer to this, but overall we see the transaction number and volume are going up. * **How do you plan to reach the target of 100,000 by 2021?** Zac: One of the challenges that we have is regulatory compliances in different countries. There are certain markets that do not allow crypto currencies and some require a clear approval for us to deploy XPOS. We are working on both challenges by talking to governments and applying for certifications. So how we plan to reach 100,000 XPOS user by 2021 is to work with distributors, B2B partners on a government / business level, and with existing POS companies to integrate our software solution into the system. * **We understand as there was bear market and hence Xpos usage demand was low. Are you guys seeing growth of Xpos usage with current market conditions. Can you guys put some statistics comparison like last 30 days Xpos usage vs any month from bear market usage?** Zac: It is very clear that as we moved out from the bear market, the demand for XPOS has been increasing. As we’ve shared just now both the transaction number and volume of Q2 have beaten Q1. We’ll be able to share more transaction numbers once we receive approval from our XPOS merchants. One exciting thing is that, with the listing of different tokens, we also see users using these tokens as a way to transact on XPOS, which means we will be having more ways to transact and this is a growth point for XPOS. * **When will there be more details for XPHONE and XPOS HANDY?** Zac: For XPOS handy, we have finished production and it will be released in Q3 * **When will the iOS version of XWallet and XPOS be fully translated to other languages?** Zac: Right now, the XWallet has Traditional Chinese, Korean, Spanish, German and English. With the latest version update, it now includes Portuguese. XPOS also comes with many languages and we hope to finish with more language, either working with professionals or volunteers. If you’re interested in volunteering, please contact us. * **When will the Merchant back office have Product Registration and SKU id ability and also integrate with other POS software?** * **When will the top-up feature go away for XPOS to allow liquidity for XPOS** Zac: We constantly update features in XPOS and merchant backend to make it easier for distributors and merchants to use. We understand that one of the ways for mass adoption is to enhance our distributor management system. With that, the distributors can manage manay XPOS at one time with different merchants. Please stay tuned as we announce more and more functions of this feature. ## On Dubai * **When will we see the deployment of the XPOS in Dubai?** * **Can we spend NPXS on the Dubai XPOS?** Zac: As with all big projects there are a lot of moving parts, that includes working very closely with the local government, in Dubai’s case, the Credit Bureau of the Finance Ministry. Things are progressing for the Dubai project but due to confidentiality agreements with the parties involved, we cannot reveal much. All we can say is that we and our Dubai partners are working hard to have XPOS roll-out in the Dubai market and the UAE. We are also discussing aggressively with Dubai partners whether to include crypto assets in the XPOS in Dubai. That clearly will involve local compliance and legal for that to happen. * **Your system upgrades expect merchants to have downtime on their XPOS terminals, can you explain if you plan to run a business why this would be considered feasible (specially at the rate you have been doing your upgrades)?** Zac: Yes, the benefit / strength of the XPOS is that most of the updates can be done on the fly. For example, when we have a token update on our XPOS where developers submit their tokens on Open Platform, the updates of this token are on the fly, which means that once we approve the token on our Open Platform, it will automatically appear on XPOS without any software updates. The great thing that we believe about XPOS is not just the support of crypto assets, but also the ability to update most things on the fly, which means that whenever we have a good feature or a new token, the updates will be done instantaneously. * **Can you guys arrange at least a community voting which is the next blockchain we would like to see next in XPOS? Voting will help to prioritize to chose the projects.** Zac: One of the reasons why BNB is being listed on the XPOS is simply because of its popularity and also our user demand, in a way that we are already answering to our community’s request. Right now, our main focus is getting all the tokens submitted on Open Platform to be listed on the XPOS. The submission process includes legal and compliance valid, so our legal and compliance teams are working hard to make sure that we have more tokens to roll out onto Open Platform, which means that they will be on XPOS, XWallet, and XPASS. As to a specific voting mechanism, we’d like to consider that and hopefully we’ll be able to run a specific voting for the chain which users would like to see. * **While comparing Xpos handy to Square POS devices at least with mobile it’s very cheap like under $30 and easy to use. When can we expect such light weight and cheaper version for XPOS? Is team working on such devices ?** Zac: There are different POS companies around the globe and pour focus is to work with these POS companies with our software, so that a crypto sales feature will be part of the existing POS system. The more support of crypto asset usage using our software on existing POS, the better it is for global adoption. We actually strongly believe that the pricing of our POS system is competitive in the market. And one of the great features of the XPOS is that the merchants will not need not to pay a certain percentage to existing acquirer but to be able to earn certain percentage from each transaction. That is the key differentiator for merchant to want to adopt this. * **From the website with some of the key Countries for XPOS adoption looks great. However, the concern is for Venezuela, there is no reference link like the others have. Can you guys add the link with details to clear the ambiguity?** Zac: Let’s give a little bit more patience so that we can actually release more information about our Venezuelan partnership. The good news is that we expect concrete news from Venezuela in the coming 2 weeks. So stay up-to-date about our Venezuelan roll out on XPOS, the best way is to subscribe to our telegram group for Venezuela. ## On Partnerships * **Are there some major partnership in the works? I’m also interested in how you do immediate transactions? Do you anticipate scaling issues?** Zac: The way XPOS is being designed is that when you use your crypto assets to purchase, it will have instantaneous confirmation because the action is an off-chain process. An on-chain action happens when a user who owns crypto assets in our system transferring the assets out of the Pundi X ecosystem to their own wallets; or to transfer crypto assets in Pundi X from an off-chain to a private wallet, which we will have very soon on XWallet itself. That is why we are able to handle scaling. When a person wants to use crypto currency to buy a coffee, the transaction will happen instantaneously. For specific partnership, especially with B2B partnership, we oblige to the NDA that we have signed. But if you follow us closely, you’ll know that we go to different parts of the world, talking to major companies to try to land more deals so that NPXS usage will increase dramatically. * **Any big partnerships for making xphone or using the software for xBlockchain?** Zac: These partnerships are also subjected to NDA, so please be patient for us to release more news. * **When will XPOS have approval to process Visa and MasterCard payments?** Zac: We have met representatives from these players including some of the key management people. They are obviously looking into crypto currency attentively, and we hope that there’s something we can do with MasterCard and/or Visa. This is something that the community has suggested and we agree fully. Please allow us with some time to work on this. We have also showcased XPOS to the CEO of MasterCard. For what or when will anything happen, please wait for our official announcement. * **What’s the status on Quantum fund and their contribution or involvement with Pundi’s project?** Zac: We announced last year that we are creating a fund to invest in projects beneficial to our ecosystem. We’ve identified some interesting projects, and we have invested in at least 1 project. The reason why we’re investing in that project is because of the services that it will bring onto the Pindi X ecosystem. So the purpose of the investment of the companies is that these companies in turn will benefit on our ecosystem. This is our key consideration. The team has evaluated the projects that will benefit the Pundi X / Function X ecosystem. Vic and his team will be able to reveal more details on the companies we have invested in and how they will contribute to our ecosystem in Q3. * **Recent update on NPXSXEM is highly ambiguous as mentioned that it will be now BEP token and later once FX goes live it will get back to Fx platform. Why you guys had so rush to use Binance chain only for few months? Isn’t you guys switching to much in a short time span?** Zac: Liquidity and utility have been an issue for NPXSXEM. Due to the design philosophy and the limit of token that can be created on NEM’s smart contract, we are only able to create a small number of tokens on NPXSXEM. By moving into the Binance chain for NPXSXEM, the BEP2 token version will be able to support all the NPXSXEM tokens, which means that we’ll migrate and also be able to make sure all the NPXSXEM tokens are under the same contract address. We believe with the strong liquidity, we will be able to give our NPXSXEM token holders a good reason of what the token holders have been waiting for. We hope to bring NPXSXEM to match the level of NPXS. * **When #XRP?** Zac: Our OpenPlatform is a currency agnostic platform, which means that we will work on integrating public chain as well as tokens that are most requested by the users. We’ll also be looking into the listing of different tokens that are being mentioned by the community. As said, we will have at least one more public chain integration in Q3, perhaps even more. * **Are you as a company going to try and connect with libra? If they have said they want to be a payment remittance service, have Square, PayPal, Visa on board I as an investor would prefer you try to join them rather than beat such large competitors** Zac: Of course, we’ll be delighted to work with Facebook and also the Libra coin. Pundi X and XPOS is a currency agnostic / currency neutral platform, if there’s opportunity to list Libra coin or work with Facebook in different ways to promote crypto currency adoption, we’ll certainly look into that and work on reaching out to them. ## On Trading * **Can you confirm during AMA, Pundi team is not involved with any trading with their own token like selling over time to manage the fund to run the company.** Zac: All the wallet addresses of the team holdings are disclosed and transparent. This is one of the first things that we did after ICO. Hence, our token holdings are transparent and everyone can monitor our fund transactions. Also, we have strict internal financial regulation and compliance, shows that we are here to build a long-term project. The best way to make NPXS or the NPXSXEM to rise is real daily life use case. * **When will you stop manipulating NPXS chart?** Zac: Our focus has always been and will be building great products. The more product usage, the demands for NPXS and NPXSXEM will increase. Let’s address again that, Pundi X the company is NOT involved in any manipulation of the NPXS price. There are trading teams, market makers, financial institutions that profit from the drop and rise of token prices in the crypto market. The good thing about NPXS is that we have managed to create a high liquidity by listing on 40+ exchanges and having global trades and demand from all over the world. We hope this and coupled with the fact that we are a solid product and roll out the use cases, the demand of NPXS will only continue to rise and will be able to deter any of the traders or speculators there is for NPXS. These traders gain profit from manipulating tokens whether BTC or other tokens. In fact, the traditional financial markets have similar challenges as well. What I want to stress is that, we at Pundi X, do NOT speculate or manipulate the price. We work very hard to create demands for NPXS and as a company, it is only beneficial for us to see the prices of NPXS and NPXSXEM rise. * **Can we please address the elephant in the room which is the Binance bot with huge sell walls and buy walls causing huge distress and concern among users?** Zac: First, I cannot confirm nor deny that whether Binance has a bot. I think this is something that you need to ask Binance. We need to work with Binance because Binance has one of the biggest liquidities, if not the greatest liquidity, for NPXS. The best way to counter manipulators is to create more use case, more demand and more acceptance of our tokens. * **Why on almost all exchanges do you not offer a USDT trading pair?** Zac: We have USDT trading pairs on Bittrex, Bittrue, and more. In addition, we have fiat pairs in Korean Won, IDR, INR, and Turkish liras. We will continue to work on adding trading pairs for NPXS to make it more liquidate. * **Why don’t you offer a stable coin sell and purchase on the xpos to help with adoption? Places in Africa with volatile currencies would go crazy for this.** Zac: It’s a great observation. This is a request that’s been asked from many users. We’re working on stable coin listing on XPOS and hopefully it’ll come soon. Stable coin requires a greater compliance and legal validate, which we have been working on since months ago and we hope to have the stable coin up in XPOS soon. * **When will you add an active tracker for coin burn, whether its measured in usd, NPXS or whatever you choose. The community has been asking for this on twitter, reddit and telegram for this entire year.** Zac: It will be hard for us to have a daily tracker of the coin burn, but what we might be able to work on is a tracker which have shown all of the tokens that have been removed from the usage. Thank you for giving us this great suggestion and we will work on it in some form. Zac: Our token supply has always been specified in our white paper, and as promised in our white paper, we will continue to remove tokens through usage and use cases, which we’re working on all the time. * **Price movement. When will NPXS go to which price?** Zac: We cannot comment on the change of the price. Our focus is on building products. We hope by doing that the NPXS value will go up. Again, there’s no way that we can comment on the price. **I believe that burning tokens every 14 weeks keeps the price suppressed and will only lead to huge pumps and dumps. Imo, If the burns were more frequent, the price would move organically.** Zac: We continue removing tokens quarterly per advised by our legal and compliance team. **Is it mandatory npxs swap? What happens for token we have in binance?** Zac: No it’s not a mandatory NPXS swap for FX. **How many NPXS or NPXSXEM was converted?** Zac: In Q2, we will remove 29B NPXSXEM and 9B NPXS. ## On XWallet * **Why not put in XWallet like the place where we can buy and sell like restaurants and shops?** Zac: You are correct. In fact, if you look at XWallet, there is a merchant feature, whereby you can register as a merchant. By becoming a merchant, you will be able to print out your QR code and stick it on your restaurant. People are able to make payment through this QR code. This will act like a mini-XPOS. * **In addition to that having multiple different blockchain in XWallet will increase the XWallet adoption. Hence, we would like to see aggressive game plan and execution from the team and would like to hear that** Zac: That’s a great suggestion. Every day we want to increase use cases for XWallet. In fact, our XWallet update is one of the most frequent in the market. Within 5 months, we have over 10 updates on iOS and Google Play. This does not include soft update which happens every several days. In my view, the effort is very tremendous. * **Is there any plan to add Swap option within XWallet so that people can trade the coins within XWallet?** Zac: Yes, there’s such plan and in fact there is an upcoming feature that people will be able to use coins in XWallet to exchange into other things. The exact form and format have not been reviewed. We hope to share more when we have concrete example. But what you suggested is what we are planning for months ago. * **When will XPOS and XWallet have fiat on ramps?** Zac: This is a good question. It’s not only involved with regulatory compliance but also involved the technical part. This is also something we are planning for months. Once approved, hopefully we are able to support fiat currency on ramps and off ramps on XWallet. **On Others*\* * **How is the internal organization doing? Currently how many employees work for Pundi? Currently how many job positions are open?** Zac: Pundi X has grown tremendously. We are now having over seven offices around the globe. I’m sitting in the Singapore office. We have office in Jakarta, Taiwan, Tokyo, Shenzhen, São Paulo and London. These are the places we have physical offices and house approximately 100 full time employees of Pundi X. The positions open from Pundi X are legal associate in Singapore and other offices. We are looking for more R&D people, especially in Taiwan. We are looking at marketing and PR people in different parts of the world. And we are looking for POS distributors. As a POS distributor, you will work with our business development team and also our technical team to roll out many XPOS which you have a network to control in your local market. * **Would you consider removing the KYC to allow u.s. holder to stake and be rewarded?** Zac: We would love to have more users, including US. However, our compliance and legal advisors have not allowed us to accept US holders to stake and be rewarded. I’m sorry to say that but this is after serious consideration to make such a decision. In fact, it is a very hard decision because we have healthy user base in the US. will continue to monitor the situation in the different markets and be compliant. There are also ways to be rewarded when using XWallet service without KYC. We are looking into to explore more on this and launch new features. Hopefully we are able to bring the beta version for you to test this week or next. **On XPhone*\* * **Where are we on pre-sale announcement of Xphone? It was highlights of Q2 goal. If we are getting delay, that’s ok. But at least community will have some clarification why it’s getting late and when approximately it coming?** Zac: Pre-sale order will start this month. It’s likely the end of July. Pre-sale will take place in different channel including the official website and XWallet. Apart of our own channel, the pre-sale will go live on a 3rd party channel. People will be able to pre-order crypto either in crypto or in fiat. * **Can you discuss in AMA, is participants can pay with Crypto or Credit/debit card or in both ways?** Zac: As a crypto company, we prefer payment in crypto, but fiat, Visa, MasterCard, and other traditional payment methods will be accepted on different pre-order channels. Stay tuned for pre-order which will happen in late July. * **Will the Xphone be open to purchase in all regions of the world?** Zac: Yes, pre-orders will be able to be done on-line, and products will be shipped from our offices to users in different parts of the world. * **Will the blockchain mode on the Xphone be operable during the testnet or will this function not work until mainnet?** Zac: XWallet and XPhone are the first channel and avenue for Function X testnet, so once the testnet is operateble, we will start to engage certain services on XWallet and XPhone into Function X testnet, and ultimately into mainnet. Slowly but surely. * **Does Xphone have hard protective cover,extra Sim slot, also is it enhanced with ip68 water rating?** Zac: XPhone will not be waterproof, so please do not submerge XPhone into water. XPhone will definitely be eavesdrop-proof because we’re using a blockchain mode, only you and you control your own conversation. * **Which country accept the Xphone?** * **Will I also be able to use the SIM-card?** * **The blockchain modus will work in every country (what in the absense of nodes)?** * **Will the XPhone I buy now support updates in the future?** Zac: People from any country will be able to buy XPhone on-line. You will be able to use a SIM for we have built a SIM slot. Wherever you are, the XPhone can be turned on to become a node. Will XPhone support future updates? Yes, of course. Just like the XPOS, we support silent update. It will be like how we support XPOS, many updates. The updates will always be supported on XPhone. **On Function X*\* * **When is the detail white paper coming for FunctionX? Why the team is very resistive to have well documented white paper? We need scientific approach and well documentation on FunctionX to have developers to be more involved.** Zac: Yes, developer involvement is a key criterion of the growth of Function X. We have done 2 things, one is that we have set up Function X Foundation which is led by David Ben Kay and will involve third party adviser and board members. Second, we have set up a developer relations team led by one of our own members as well. This team will work on creating developer documents, developer demos and sample, so that excellent developers can tap into working with Function X resources. The first version of developer documentation is ready in English and Chinese. We are still polishing up the documents and hopefully to release them soon. We are also working with third party developers, and are engaging at least 2 third party developer companies, so that we can help create their services on Function X and also XWallet. We are hoping to showcase a smooth and usable service to the audience, we think this is the key criterion of the Function X growth. Thank you for this suggestion. We need to update more often on github developer documentation as well. As for the white paper, we did not have one per se because Function X did not do an ICO. But we will continue to update our white paper and include not only technical details, but also details on the chain and how we can get more developers and users so that the future hardware will be added as a node and you will be rewarded financially, at least through our ecosystem genesis fund. Please stay tuned and there are a lot of things going on in the company. Each and one of us is working hard. * **Why does the FX ecosystem need a decentralized OS?** Zac: The mantra of Function X is decentralization and having private control of your data. A full private control of your data comes with a decentralized system not just in transmission of your data, but with the operating system built fully for decentralization , which includes a transmission protocol replacing http. The apps uploaded into Function X will be decentralized as well as the data that is stored on the app, which means that how BitCoin or crypto assets are verified on different nodes will also be part of the way we store data and content. The decentralized OS is key to fulfilling a decentralized environment for a more private and free usage. * **What about FX are you most excited about?** Zac: We are actually creating a shift of how people view of blockchain and how decentralization is not just about transacting commercial commodity, but also data, including your identity, are all decentralized. That is what we are most excited about. The only way for us to achieve this is to have developer support, for we need the developers to build on the foundation we have to offer those exciting services. * **We understand that developing a new blockchain is time consuming. As a community we are in a dark space to understand where exactly the development of FX right now.** Zac: We are working hard on creating the testnet and eventually the mainnet. For the latest updates of Function X, what I can encourage you to do is to go on and subscribe to the Function X telegram group where discussions are made. We have formed the Function X Foundation and created the developer relations team, so that the Function X progress will go smoother and with more partnership from outside, whether it’s developers, third party companies, teleco, etc. * **When FX goes live on the mainnet, will FX coin be used to stake and earn NPXS? how will staking work on that new mainnet?** Zac: The NPXS/NPXSXEM staking will last till March 9, 2020 as announced. What we are committed is to create more use cases. For FX tokens, the use cases will be focusing on the Function X Chain and the use cases on Function X that include DApp on Function X and different hardware/software services. * **When fx testnet will be available?** Zac: First I would like to thank you for your constant support. In Q3, we plan to open Function X testnet so that we will be migrating and creating certain use cases that can be used on Function X testnet, starting with our own XWallet. Which means, the XWallet will migrate some features into Function X testnet, and slowly followed by our other Pundi X products, including XPhones, XPASS, Open Platform and Function X own developer related products from third parties.
The Statue of Liberty, Mystery Babylon, Freemasonry and The New Roman Empire / Fourth Reich
The Mother of Exiles and the Destruction of Babylon
I've always thought Mystery Babylon in Revelations was America. Lots of signs point to that. Inanna/Ishtar was known as the Whore of Babylon and Mother of Prostitutes because she supposedly started the practice of sacred prostitution. Inanna was the goddess of love, beauty, sex, desire, fertility, war, combat, justice, and political power. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sacred_prostitution
Sacred prostitution, temple prostitution, cult prostitution, and religious prostitution are general terms for a sexual rite consisting of sexual intercourse or other sexual activity performed in the context of religious worship, perhaps as a form of fertility rite or divine marriage (hieros gamos). Some scholars prefer the term sacred sex to sacred prostitution in cases where payment for services was not involved.
But some scholars believe that this practice never existed and has been misunderstood.
The practice of sacred prostitution has not been substantiated in any Ancient Near Eastern cultures, despite many popular descriptions of the habit. Through the twentieth century, scholars generally believed that a form of sacred marriage rite or hieros gamos was staged between the king of a Sumerian city-state and the High Priestess of Inanna, the Sumerian goddess of sexual love, fertility, and warfare, but no certain evidence has survived to prove that sexual intercourse was included. Along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers there was a temple of Eanna, meaning house of heaven dedicated to Inanna in the Eanna District of Uruk.This will be relevant in my next post about the source of Yahweh's narcissism but for now, I'm just using this to illustrate part of the reason I think America is Babylon.
The Sumerians worshipped Inanna as the goddess of both warfare and sexuality. Unlike other gods, whose roles were static and whose domains were limited, the stories of Inanna describe her as moving from conquest to conquest. She was portrayed as young and impetuous, constantly striving for more power than she had been allotted.
An asteroid will pass directly in front of Regulus, one of the brightest stars in our night sky, next Wednesday — briefly blacking out the star in what astronomers are calling a “once in a lifetime” event. Better yet, New York City falls directly within the viewing path which is literally paper-thin on the earths scale. The event is so small, and so brief, that it will only be visible over a sliver of area. And this area happens to encompass millions of people in New York City, Northeast NJ and Long Island.
On Thursday, March 20 2014, Regulus will participate in a rare celestial event when an asteroid passes directly in front of the star, as seen from Earth. The asteroid in question is 163 Erigone. Asteroid 163 Erigone is about 45 miles (72 km) wide, but its "shadow" slanting to Earth's surface will be 67 miles (108 km) wide. Erigone's shadow will move on a southeast-to-northwest trajectory and will extend from New York City as well as western and central Long Island to Oswego in New York State, and then continues northwest, the length of Ontario to the Hudson Bay shore of Manitoba. Those who are within the shadow path and watching at just the right moment with just their eyes will see an amazing sight: Regulus will seem to abruptly disappear as if a switch had been thrown, blotted out by the tiny invisible asteroid. Regulus will remain invisible for up to 14 seconds (for those situated along the center of the path); an incredible, albeit very brief occurrence.
This "once in a lifetime event" eclipsing right over New York. Where the Statue of Liberty is. Revelations 17
There I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast that was covered with blasphemous names and had seven heads and ten horns. 4 The woman was dressed in purple and scarlet, and was glittering with gold, precious stones and pearls. She held a golden cup in her hand, filled with abominable things and the filth of her adulteries. 5 The name written on her forehead was a mystery: 15 Then the angel said to me, “The waters you saw, where the prostitute sits, are peoples, multitudes, nations and languages. 16 The beast and the ten horns you saw will hate the prostitute. They will bring her to ruin and leave her naked; they will eat her flesh and burn her with fire. 17 For God has put it into their hearts to accomplish his purpose by agreeing to hand over to the beast their royal authority, until God’s words are fulfilled. 18 The woman you saw is the great city that rules over the kings of the earth.”
America's colors are red, white and blue. Red+Blue = Purple. Purple apparently represents royalty as well as vanity. Scarlet represents the blood of Christ and martyrs.
The color purple is also associated with royalty in Christianity, being one of the three traditional offices of Jesus Christ, i. e. king, although such a symbolism was assumed from the earlier Roman association or at least also employed by the ancient Romans. In Europe and America, purple is the color most associated with vanity, extravagance, and individualism. Among the seven major sins, it represents vanity. It is a color which is used to attract attention
**8.Bartholdi planned for the statue to be covered in gold.**In order to make the statue visible after dark, Bartholdi proposed that Americans raise the money to gild her. However, given how daunting and arduous a task it had been to gather even enough money to place the statue in New York harbor, no one followed through on paying the enormous cost of covering the massive statue in gold.
Not to mention this little interesting fact that brings the 2nd Beasts actions that are spoken of to mind.
:The second beast was given power to give breath to the image of the first beast, so that the image could speak and cause all who refused to worship the image to be killed. :**9. Thomas Edison once had plans to make the statue talk.**When Edison introduced the phonograph to the public in 1878, he told the newspapers that he was designing a “monster disc” for the interior of the Statue of Liberty that would allow the statue to deliver speeches that could be heard up to the northern part of Manhattan and across the bay. Thankfully, no one pursued that strange promise, which would have led to the odd experience of walking in New York and suddenly hearing the Statue of Liberty “talking.” precious stones and pearls.
The sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi designed the statue to be fully illuminated, a feature that’s suggested in its official name, “La Liberté Eclairant le Monde,” or “Liberty Enlightening the World.” (At first the Statue of Liberty doubled as a lighthouse, given its position in the New York Harbor, but that didn’t last: It was decommissioned as such in 1902.) Originally the lighting scheme was to be red, white, and blue—with a giant searchlight trained on the statue’s face and shoulders. Officials claimed in 19th-century newspaper accounts that they would make the statue so bright as to cast a glow on the clouds of the night sky 100 miles away. The statue’s face was to be lit by a reflector so bright that newspapers described it as “4 million candle power.” Her diadem was meant to sparkle with electric light. These were lofty goals in the dawn of the electrical age, and they carried symbolism that has lost much of its potency now that electricity is taken for granted.
She held a golden cup in her hand, filled with abominable things and the filth of her adulteries.
In the torch, the flames are covered in gold. Looks enough like a cup. Also, in Isaiah 14:12 (another prophecy detailing the fall of Babylon that I didn't bother copying and pasting all of here) it refers to Babylon (or it's king) as "Lucifer, son of the morning". Lucifer means "light bringer" (hence the torch and the statue's original name being Liberty Enlightening the World) or "morning star" which is another name for the planet Venus which is associated with Inanna/Ishtar.
How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
The beast and the ten horns you saw will hate the prostitute. They will bring her to ruin and leave her naked; they will eat her flesh and burn her with fire. 17 For God has put it into their hearts to accomplish his purpose by agreeing to hand over to the beast their royal authority
The 10 kings + the beast = 11.
The seven heads are seven hills on which the woman sits. They are also seven kings.
It has 7 spikes coming out of the head. https://timedotcom.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/01_00240318.jpg?quality=85 We're a very diverse country and Lady Liberty represents us taking in people from all countries. We pretty much control the world (for now) as the 7 hills represents the 7 continents, which is literally what is said they represent. Plus she's literally sitting on an island in the water.
Then the angel said to me, “The waters you saw, where the prostitute sits, are peoples, multitudes, nations and languages.
Masonic theories abound about the Statue of Liberty’s connection to the masons. Those who do ascribe to the theory cite Bartholdi’s and Eiffel’s membership in the Freemasons, that many original plans for the statue demonstrate the link and that many elements of the statue carry symbolic meaning. In addition, the masons presided over the cornerstone laying for the Statue of Liberty, a moment commemorated in a 1984 plaque in dedication to the masons on the 100th anniversary. In 1884, the grand master William A. Brodie laid the cornerstone with grand lodge members present. Brodie is reported to have said, “Why call upon the Masonic Fraternity to lay the cornerstone of such a structure as is here to be erected? No institution has done more to promote liberty and to free men from the trammels and chains of ignorance and tyranny than has Freemasonry.”
Then there's the poem that is inside the base.
The New Colossus Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,With conquering limbs astride from land to land;Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall standA mighty woman with a torch, whose flameIs the imprisoned lightning, and her nameMOTHER OF EXILES. From her beacon-handGlows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes commandThe air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame. "Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!" cries sheWith silent lips. "Give me your tired, your poor,Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"
The Mother of exiles.
Prophecies of the Destruction of Babylon / America / New York
45 “Come out of her, my people!Run for your lives!Run from the fierce anger of the Lord.46 Do not lose heart or be afraidwhen rumors are heard in the land;one rumor comes this year, another the next,rumors of violence in the landand of ruler against ruler.47 For the time will surely comewhen I will punish the idols of Babylon;her whole land will be disgraced
Welcome to General Election 2016 – The Transition The Hegelian Dialectic is the transition of things. And the Illuminati loves to use it. We have been expecting it. We have read about it. And now it is here, in front of our faces. And many are IGNORING it. Folks, we are witnessing Hegelian logic on display. How we got here is an aside, but here we are. The disease is Hillary, and the medicine is Trump. For most folks, that’s all that matters. Case closed. What most citizens do not realize is that this is all a ruse. A mirage. It is being carried by, “they.” “They” are using the illusion, because America was stationary and stubborn. “You can’t New World Order me!” Americans said, “…Because we know about you.” Did the globalists go away and cry in their beer? Nope. They knew this would happen. It was expected. Butsome of the citizens heard a few radio shows that told them, “we’re gonna win.” Hegel’s dialectic utilizes the “mirage.” And then steers the people through its house of mirrors with scary monsters. In America’s case, the monster is a short woman with a trucker’s voice named Hillary. Their task is simple. Globalism. But how do they get there? Simple: Scare them with the Thesis – Hillary / the Enemy of Freedom. And offset her with the Anti-thesis – Donald the Lion-Hearted / Champion of the People. …Next stop – the Synthesis. Ashes with a rising phoenix. It's right there in front of us. Do you see it folks?
“The Double Headed Eagle of Lagash” is the oldest Royal Crest in the World… No emblematic device of today can boast of such antiquity. Its origin has been traced to the ancient city of Lagash. It was in use a thousand years before the Exodus from Egypt and more than two thousand years before the building of “King Solomon’s Temple.” “As time rolled on, it passed from the Sumerians to the men of Akkad, from the men of Akkad to the Hittites, from the denizens of Asia Minor to the Seljukian Sultans from whom it was brought by the Crusaders to the Emperors of the East and West, whose successors were the Hapsburgs and the Romanoffs.” “In recent excavations, the city-emblem of Lagash was disclosed also as a lion headed eagle sinking his claws into the bodies of two lions standing back to back. This is evidently a variant of the other eagle symbol”. “The city of Lagash is in Sumer in Southern Babylonia, between the Euphrates and the Tigris and near the modern Shatra in Iraq, Lagash had a calendar of twelve lunar months, a system of weights and measures, a banking and accounting system and was a center of art, literature, military and political power, five thousand years before Christ”. “In 102 B.C. the Roman Consul Marius decreed that the Eagle be displayed as a symbol of Imperial Rome. Later, as a world power, Rome used the Double-Headed Eagle, one head facing the East the other facing the West, symbolizing the universality and unity of the Empire. The Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire continued its use and the symbol was adopted later in Germany during the halcyon days of conquest and imperial power”. So far as is known, the Double-Headed Eagle was first used in Freemasonry in 1758 by a Masonic Body in Paris – the Emperors of the East and West. During a brief period the Masonic Emperors of the East and West controlled the advanced degrees then in use and became a precursor of the “Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite”. The Latin caption under the Double-Headed Eagle – “Spes Mea in Deo Est” translated is “My Hope Is In God”.
A part of this sounds familiar
“In recent excavations, the city-emblem of Lagash was disclosed also as a lion headed eagle sinking his claws into the bodies of two lions standing back to back. This is evidently a variant of the other eagle symbol”.
In 102 B.C. the Roman Consul Marius decreed that the Eagle be displayed as a symbol of Imperial Rome. Later, as a world power, Rome used the Double-Headed Eagle, one head facing the East the other facing the West, symbolizing the universality and unity of the Empire. The Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire continued its use and the symbol was adopted later in Germany during the halcyon days of conquest and imperial power”. So far as is known, the Double-Headed Eagle was first used in Freemasonry in 1758 by a Masonic Body in Paris – the Emperors of the East and West. During a brief period the Masonic Emperors of the East and West controlled the advanced degrees then in use and became a precursor of the “Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite”
The imperial bird with two heads simultaneously facing East and West has been Russia’s official coat of arms for centuries, with only a break during the Soviet era. The emblem, however, is far older than the country, with roots dating to ancient civilizations. An eagle on a country’s coat of arms is quite common – this bird is as popular a national symbol as the lion. “He is the king of birds; just like the lion is believed to rule all animals, and he is associated with the cult of the sun,” Georgy Vilinbakhov, head of Russia’s Heraldic Council, explains.
Title of article: Get Ready for the Phoenix THIRTY years from now, Americans, Japanese, Europeans, and people in many other rich countries, and some relatively poor ones will probably be paying for their shopping with the same currency. Prices will be quoted not in dollars, yen or D-marks but in, let’s say, the phoenix. The phoenix will be favoured by companies and shoppers because it will be more convenient than today’s national currencies, which by then will seem a quaint cause of much disruption to economic life in the last twentieth century.At the beginning of 1988 this appears an outlandish prediction. Proposals for eventual monetary union proliferated five and ten years ago, but they hardly envisaged the setbacks of 1987. The governments of the big economies tried to move an inch or two towards a more managed system of exchange rates – a logical preliminary, it might seem, to radical monetary reform. For lack of co-operation in their underlying economic policies they bungled it horribly, and provoked the rise in interest rates that brought on the stock market crash of October. These events have chastened exchange-rate reformers. The market crash taught them that the pretence of policy co-operation can be worse than nothing, and that until real co-operation is feasible (i.e., until governments surrender some economic sovereignty) further attempts to peg currencies will flounder The new world economyThe biggest change in the world economy since the early 1970’s is that flows of money have replaced trade in goods as the force that drives exchange rates. as a result of the relentless integration of the world’s financial markets, differences in national economic policies can disturb interest rates (or expectations of future interest rates) only slightly, yet still call forth huge transfers of financial assets from one country to another. These transfers swamp the flow of trade revenues in their effect on the demand and supply for different currencies, and hence in their effect on exchange rates. As telecommunications technology continues to advance, these transactions will be cheaper and faster still. With unco-ordinated economic policies, currencies can get only more volatile. In all these ways national economic boundaries are slowly dissolving. As the trend continues, the appeal of a currency union across at least the main industrial countries will seem irresistible to everybody except foreign-exchange traders and governments. In the phoenix zone, economic adjustment to shifts in relative prices would happen smoothly and automatically, rather as it does today between different regions within large economies (a brief on pages 74-75 explains how.) The absence of all currency risk would spur trade, investment and employment. The phoenix zone would impose tight constraints on national governments. There would be no such thing, for instance, as a national monetary policy. The world phoenix supply would be fixed by a new central bank, descended perhaps from the IMF. The world inflation rate – and hence, within narrow margins, each national inflation rate- would be in its charge. Each country could use taxes and public spending to offset temporary falls in demand, but it would have to borrow rather than print money to finance its budget deficit. With no recourse to the inflation tax, governments and their creditors would be forced to judge their borrowing and lending plans more carefully than they do today. This means a big loss of economic sovereignty, but the trends that make the phoenix so appealing are taking that sovereignty away in any case. Even in a world of more-or-less floating exchange rates, individual governments have seen their policy independence checked by an unfriendly outside world. As the next century approaches, the natural forces that are pushing the world towards economic integration will offer governments a broad choice. They can go with the flow, or they can build barricades. Preparing the way for the phoenix will mean fewer pretended agreements on policy and more real ones. It will mean allowing and then actively promoting the private-sector use of an international money alongside existing national monies. That would let people vote with their wallets for the eventual move to full currency union. The phoenix would probably start as a cocktail of national currencies, just as the Special Drawing Right is today. In time, though, its value against national currencies would cease to matter, because people would choose it for its convenience and the stability of its purchasing power. The alternative – to preserve policymaking autonomy- would involve a new proliferation of truly draconian controls on trade and capital flows. This course offers governments a splendid time. They could manage exchange-rate movements, deploy monetary and fiscal policy without inhibition, and tackle the resulting bursts of inflation with prices and incomes polices. It is a growth-crippling prospect. Pencil in the phoenix for around 2018, and welcome it when it comes.
So it was a random Sunday: bed, eat, repeat until I went online and I saw a link by a new user called @limon. There was a small introduction to a YouTube video which at first glance didn’t look interesting, but what the hell? Lets read this. https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/...lLpi-xYDCw.png He talked about an article from The Economist, year 1988, coin, phoenix and then Zoin… wtf? Anyways, I opened the link (don’t open links from strangers) and watched the video in Youtube, (it’s in Spanish) @limon claims in the video (minute 5) that he actually found a not so well know cryptocurrency (yet) by doing some research on an article from 1988 and he is somehow convinced it’s going to be huge. Yes, @limon saw the writing and thought maybe I should check this and find out which is the coin of the future. As crazy as it seems, finding a cryptocurrency by doing research on a 1988 magazine its quite incredible. Is it a coincidence or is it a prediction? Not even @limon knows, but there’s a few things that can blow up your mind here. This is the article from 1988. It claims that there will be a currency (referred as “phoenix”) that will be used by everybody in several countries in 2018. So yes, you all might say “the coin is called the Phoenix”. There’s actually a coin called Phoenixcoin but that didn’t seem to convince @limon once he checked it out in www.coinmarketcap.com (it sucked even for @limon who wanted to believe with all his heart) But @limon didn’t give up, he thought what if its hidden? So he decided to take a closer look at the magazine cover. https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/...LKufsoJVug.png He noticed that he could read the letters backward (um…interesting) https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/...Ir1KSVOMbw.png He got XIN3ONd NET by reading the cover letter backwards and he said well, XIN is Chinese, and found out in google translator that XIN meant NEW. Then 3ONd he looked at it and thought this is Russian… and it was. That weird word that would not mean anything to someone meant something for @limon so he decided to google translate it. https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/...uui5nS3hFg.png Well yeah 3ONd is Russian and means ZOI, but wait is this a coin? @Limon decided to search “ZOI” in www.coinmarketcap.com. https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/...LN2UCCLQwg.png WOW, Zoin existed. He ended up with the sentence NEW ZOI NET, in which Zoi was an actual currency. He starting searching now all about Zoin (DYOR) and liked everything he saw. The team, the community and development its very much updated. Got even more carried away when he saw Zoin’s logo: https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/...4CV6Ln5sFQ.png https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/...y75KEGoyHQ.png And when he researched even deeper, he found out that ZOIN was left by its first developer and got taken over by its community from all over the world. Yes, Zoin emerged from the ashes. What? wait. Zoin is also a Phoenix. Anyways, @limon found all the signs of a prophecy from 1988. He couldn’t wait so he joined Zoin’s community and shared his video. By the way he bought some Zoin. After finding the last lost prophecy he had no plans on missing out. Check all about Zoin in the following links. You can reach out to the team on Discord, website address is www.zoinofficial.com and their twitter @zoinofficial You better don’t miss it. Its a prophecy. Thank you limon. @torrmara
Merits and demerits of crypto currency app development
https://preview.redd.it/55gwbwjnt2231.png?width=900&format=png&auto=webp&s=52b5b3fae34b1f3d08fe9bee6c5f452d72c5f4cb Who doesn’t have heard about cryptocurrency? Of course, you must have heard about it and you must be confused about using it or not. The popularity of cryptocurrency has increased in the past years and it has got value among the public. Ether and Bitcoin are one of the most common cryptocurrencies which are present in the market and these use Blockchain technology. We will help you to have a look at the Blockchain’s bigger picture and advantages of it will be discussed when it arrives in the mobile apps development company Bangalore. There are some disadvantages which come with this technology. What do you understand by blockchain? Blockchain technology is something which is behind cryptocurrency and it is a database which is made up of data blocks. Every single data block has a stamp along with a link with a block which comes before it. This is why this technology runs on a P2P system for exchanges and transactions. Now technology has become digital, the random reversals and chargebacks are out of the picture possibly. The complete settlement is real-time work and no third parties are involved between customer and developer while the fees are kept low. Not any kind of personal information is exchanged. The market where the customer base isn’t able to reach to old financial institutions or where users are connected to mobile at first is the platform for cryptocurrency app developers. There is a huge ratio of using digital services people who live in the Middle East, Africa, Latin America and Asian countries. What is the biggest advantage of cryptocurrency? Traditional finance has been decentralized after the entry of blockchain in the market and this is the greatest advantage of crypto currency. Users and developers can ensure database management with co-operation. The central authority has left no control over it and you are totally relieved from transactional charges and interest rates. This helps in faster business deals and cost-effective options while it is a great solution for all the developers who face the issue of longer settlement periods. The issue arrives from US developers because Google and Apple have introduced policies against various payment methods and this was done to ensure that every company can get 30% of cut from the purchases made through in-app. Bitcoin payments have been dropped by Microsoft due to high volatility. But, now they have been able to restore it again as a payment option. They have worked with providers in order to make sure that low Bitcoin amounts should be redeemable by users or customers. The downside of decentralization https://preview.redd.it/55xhdztdu2231.png?width=500&format=png&auto=webp&s=4354b7d6560f7dcc545ef447198c61e4814adba0 Every web agency would tell you that decentralization can be considered as the largest risk and great asset for cryptocurrency. The distributed applications mainly run on network computers and then their actions are regulated by exchanging messages and shared memory through various instances of an application. The databases have more availability as compared to non-distributed applications and that’s why these work in functionality favour whenever there are issues which can isolate a particular part of the network. Although, price is necessary to be paid and it is quite critical to managing data consistently when the database is distributed. You don’t have any assurance that system update in a location would do it in the rest of the distributed network. While talking about Bitcoin, we can say that it is a great possibility that customer or users can spend similar Bitcoin for multiple times. The recording of blockchain transactions can be a way to resolve this issue. The consistency of the blockchain technology isn’t assured but the method of network making can help you to get convinced that it is going to work in the same way. It can happen that users of Bitcoin can disagree on the fact that if it has occurred or not. The users can find themselves into some complicated and difficult settlement problems. Issues with distributed applications The testing and development of the various distributed application can be a great challenge. It is quite difficult to do the testing and debugging ones which run on the same device. While working on the software which required coordination with another instance on buggy networks can be a difficult task. There is a great possibility that you might run over different kind of bugs. Heisenbugs can change their behaviour when they are being tested. This issue comes along with the distributed applications. Another malware is mandelbug through which you might come across. The main reason for mandelbug is quite complicated and quite hard to find out. It might seem fully chaotic and very difficult to resolve this issue. Schroedinbugs never appear until the application is used in an unconventional manner. These bugs do development, testing and also support distributed application which is not an easy job. Actually, if you will plan to use Blockchain technology for your app, then you require to set appropriate expectations for the total cost and planning just according to the real values. In this case, you might be new to the distributed applications and this can be a great exercise for you. It is a great problem when you are planning to develop on-demand applications. By having a look at the present mobile industry, the main fact is that the cryptocurrency can’t change it but fundamental technology which works behind it can change the entire way with which applications are built. The top 10 blockchain technology actually changes the way through which apps are created, maintained and distributed. We can’t ignore the fact that cryptocurrency can definitely have a great impact on mobile app development company in India the coming days. So, in order to stay ahead keep in touch with FuGenX Technologies, which is a leading mobile app development companies that have got an expert team of developers who can meet the tech needs. Read, more our famous apps:How much does it cost to develop a redBus like app? https://preview.redd.it/v2pwdawyt2231.png?width=360&format=png&auto=webp&s=6bbaa8118bbaaaaa499e4f34168750d575ed1e7d
Bit Paradise: Providing More Options For Online Casino Games
The online gaming industry is a huge potential that is yet untapped. The gaming industry is expected to grow from $137.9 billion in 2018 to $180.1 billion in 2021. But with all the promises, not all has been put in place to harness the potentials of the industry. Several factors militate against the speedy growth of the industry. Some of the problems include poor winning returns, lack of dedicated exchange system, and a host of others. What this implies is that, though there are huge potentials, the rate of growth is not as fast as it should be. Bit Paradise provides the right solutions While the above problems have been identified as the problems plaguing the online gaming business, Bit Paradise has gone ahead of others to proffer the right solutions to the problems. Its vision is to make gaming easier, more enjoyable and profitable to both the gamers and the providers. This simply means that while the gamers play their online casinos and other games with relish and earn some profits, the site owners should also be able to earn some profits to remain in business. What is Bit Paradise (BPD)? Bit Paradise (BPD) is a new, innovative form of cryptographic exchange station which runs on game meta. BPD’s highest selling point is its compensation arrangement. Apart from having a 1 + 1 profit-sharing trading mining system, BPD has a stable payout and buyback system. Additionally, it mitigates value decline through its safety device, thereby building a complete BPD’s ecosystem that is modern and safe. BPD offers wide range of gaming options Bit Paradise does not only provide a gaming platform but ensures that its users have several options to choose from when it comes to playing games online. BPD is set to commence with dicing game and thereafter add other games such as Go-top, Soccer pk, Blackjack, Lotto, Baccarat, Craps, Horse Racing, and Slot. As time goes by, it would expand to accommodate games such as 7 poker. BET Coin BET Coin is the official coin for placing bets or playing games on the Bit Paradise platform. It has the same intrinsic value as the Bitcoin (BTC) and one can only get BET points upon depositing BTC. Once you deposit BTC you get 2.5% of BET point from what you deposit. BET coin would be highly regulated to ensure that only a few coins shall be in circulation in order to mitigate volatility. The coin derives several benefits from the profit sharing from the available games such as Roulettes, Slot, and Craps. The coin will be listed on exchanges as soon as possible to provide for an open market. Mining and Payouts of BET The BET Coin has an average daily mining capacity of 1.4 million units. The level of contribution during trade on the exchange determines the amount that is mined. The payout accruable to players is 60% of Transactions fees Rewards + 20% of Buyback + 20% of Winning returns. 30% of Winning returns from Dice game + 20% of BET holder Rewards, 30% of Buyback of Winning returns 20% of winning returns from dice game when holding BET BPD’s Token Sale BPD will be issuing its token to the public soon, with a total of 2 billion units expected to be made available. The sharing formula for the tokens include 50% (1 billion units) will be for trading mining. 20% (400 million units) will be for the Foundation Team. 33% of the token will be released from 1 year. 12.5% (250 million units) will be for Marketing. 10% (200 million units) will available to the public during token sale 5% (100 million units) is reserved for the Partners and Advisers 1.5% (0.3 billion units) is reserved for Referral. 1% (0.2 billion units) is for Bounty. Price for the token during presale is $0.02 (All tokens that are unsold and unused would be discarded in the future). The average amount of tokens to be mined daily is 93,000 units. BPD’s plan for the future Bit Paradise was founded in Singapore in 2018 and has built a safe and complete ecosystem that enables online gamers to make profit via casino meta and ensures that the token does not easily lose its value. BPD’s biggest dream is to dominate the global exchange market through its innovative approach. BPD has plans to expand into the South American markets as well as the Latin America including Argentina, which has already commenced the use of cryptocurrency for bank remittances. The next destination would be China, Korea and Southeast Asia. Furthermore, BPD hopes to make inroads into eight countries by the second half of 2019. BPD looks promising in its unique winning sharing formula and other compensation plans. But how it is able to distort the market cannot be fully determined until it begins to unveil its plans and strategies.
Petrodollar, Fiat Currencies, Foreign reserves and whether a gold backed currency is a solution? And will David do a segment on this on TDPS?
I am no economist. Though I have recently got interested in all this mumbo jumbo. I have researched extensively on the geopolitics of China. Through that, the geopolitics of Russia came up. Through which Putin's attempt to bypass IMF and World Bank and the Dollar to bypass US sanctions came up. When I looked into how that all would work, I ended up with the mess of information and the muddle of thoughts I am in now. This is my understanding of the matter from my research. I could be completely wrong with regards to some things here or all of them. However, like many of my posts, this too is a mental exercise to inform other people, get them thinking about it and gaining information myself and correcting my own misunderstandings on matters. Therefore I would like as much well informed, sane and serious discussion on it as possible. in 1944, all the countries entered into the Bretton Woods Agreement which basically said that all of the world’s currencies would be backed by the US Dollar and the US dollar would be backed by gold and any country could convert their currency into US dollars and then redeem US gold in exchange for that at the rate of 35 dollars per ounce of gold. Since US had the largest gold reserves at the time (75% of the entire world's gold), everyone agreed. This also allowed US treasury to fix exchange rates of dollar into different currencies and set the interest rates for inter-banking transactions etc. However, the multiple wars of the US during the ’60s caused domestic inflation in the US and the value of Dollar to fall. This caused panic in all the countries and they started redeeming gold from US treasury. The US gold fell from 20,000 tonnes to 8100 tonnes very quickly. Thus, in 1971, Nixon closed the gold window i.e. he suspended the ability of any nation to redeem US gold against dollars and took the gold backing off of the US Dollar. While that allowed US to retain its gold reserves, it made the need of the US dollar among other countries non existent. So everyone started to move away from the Dollar. After that, US economy started to spiral and the price of gold became 135 dollars per ounce. On top of that, the Arab world hiked the oil prices. Now, the US desperately needed to stabilize the spiral. So they brokered a deal with the Saudis that the oil producers would not only trade oil in nothing but US Dollars and convince the OPEC (the middle eastern, north African and other oil producing countries) to do the same but also invest their (OPEC’s) oil profits in US treasury by buying US Treasury bonds. This basically means that they (OPEC) are buying out US debt. Not only this, US is printing Dollars against the amount of Foreign investments in the US treasury which is made by Oil producing nations which are their oil profits. So basically, profits from every barrel sold by OPEC make way to the US treasury and become the value against which dollars is printed. Ultimately, more the profits in oil, stronger the dollar and lesser the profits in oil, weaker the dollar. Thus US gets a double benefit out of every barrel of oil in a way. In exchange the US would sell them (Saudis) advance weapons and all the gold they demanded. (So basically weapons and gold sale in exchange for trading oil in dollars props up US dollar. Gold is still propping up US dollar indirectly by forcing the oil producers to trade in dollars). Thus the petrodollar was born. This caused the world to need US dollar again. If you wanted to buy oil, you needed US dollar by either converting your currency or by selling stuff to the US. The latter is more preferred as it is cheaper than exchanging your currency and also grows your economy. So once again, US became the benchmark of international trade since no country can hope to grow its economy without using energy aka oil and you can’t have oil without US dollars. As long as all these countries need oil, US can just print Dollars out of thin air and balance it against oil barrels (as explained above) without actually even owning a single drop of oil. (Other countries need to own the gold that they balance their currency against). US does not need to control oil, they just need to control the currency it is traded in to keep their economy afloat. (more on that later in US foreign policy). Similarly, US brokered a deal with the Latin American countries to not only trade in the US Dollar but also to give precedence to US, EU and Japanese products in trade. So if more and more countries decide to shun the dollar and trade in other currencies, this would eventually cause OPEC to switch as well and Dollar could collapse. How? Well, US is basically just printing enormous amounts of money out of thin air. This money is being used domestically and to a much larger extent, globally. If international oil trade in dollar stops, people stop needing the dollar and use their own currency. So all the internationally circulating dollars would come back to US. Now that is just too many dollars against very little amount in the treasury and that would cause hyperinflation and economic spiral. However, the logical next step would be to just destroy the excess dollars coming in from abroad and that would keep the country’s economy afloat. While that is okay but remember, what is the dollar being printed against? The foreign investments in the treasury which are the profits from the oil trade in dollars. That would go away as well essentially leaving nothing in the treasury against which the dollar is valued. Hence, dollar will literally not be worth the money it is printed on. Second, since US currency is basically a petrodollar, its power depends on the control of oil. So right now, whoever controls middle east has major power. Today, Saudi Arabia controls the Middle East and US controls Saudi Arabia. US-Saudi brotherhood sort of makes it impossible for other countries to have an influence over this. Russia has tried for decades to establish a strong foothold in the middle east but has been unsuccessful. It has also dictated the US foreign policy far the last 5 decades. Like I said, US needs to control not the oil reserves but the currency oil is traded in. Hence all the wars we hear that were for oil, were not actually for oil per se but intimidation tactics against countries that announced that they would no longer accept the dollar as a currency in international oil trade. Egs When the Ayatollah of Iran announced their intention to denounce dollars in oil trade and use their own currency instead, US backed Iraq to go to war with Iran and even provided the Weapons of mass destruction to use on Iran that they later used as an excuse to invade Iraq and prosecuted Saddam Hussein for. When Iraq invaded Kuwait ( a major producer of oil) to be able to pay their loans to Kuwait and then later asked for Euro to be used for oil trade rather than Petrodollar, US invaded Iraq. When Gaddafi asked gold based Dinar instead of US dollars for oil trade, US invaded Libya. When Chavez did the same, Us staged a coup in Venezuela. However, starting a non-petro currency would break this link and oil and Middle east would become less relevant for Economic power and only be of interest for energy concerns. It is still important but less so than an economic and geopolitical chessboard of US that it is today. It may actually be a solution to achieving peace in the middle east. However, another thing that happens is the Middle East controls prices of oil which is tied to the Dollar. Recently, the Middle East (OPEC or basically Saudi Arabia) has decided to drop the international prices for their own economic reasons. Now, the countries that have oil production as a major source of revenue and trade in dollars eg many N African countries, Venezuela have seen their economy completely destabilize and destroyed. These countries are sick of US and Saudi controlling the markets in a way that affects other countries adversely. Hence, for these countries, switching to the international trading system of a gold based currency will cause their economies to stabilize. The international reserves of EU etc, on the other hand, have seen increased holdings by the OPEC countries and have been worried about increasing power of these countries in the international banking system. They would be only too glad to get rid of these holdings. Now, non Dollar currency would cause a fall in the US dollar value. In lieu of that, here is another thing that needs to be considered. A lot of the developing countries have international trade deficits. Now these trade deficits can be in the currency of the country to whom the debt is owed or any other internationally accepted currency eg. the Dollar. If the debt is in dollars, the conversions and interest rates of borrowing are determined according to the rules of the US treasury. Again, the rates in the US treasury are linked to the value of the dollar. Most countries giving out loans prefer to do so in dollars as historically the Dollar is strong and trusted not to collapse and hence the money they owe is safe. The countries taking loans also convert their debts to dollars as it is easier and the country to whom the debt is owed cannot just up and change the value of the debt owed by manipulating their currency as the dollar has determined the conversion into other currencies at fixed rates, so it is safe for everyone. However, there is a slight problem with this. If you owe a debt of 1 dollar to someone, when you pay the debt, it will depend on the value of the dollar to your currency at that particular instant. So if the dollar has gotten stronger wrt to your currency, you shall have to pay more money and if the dollar has gotten weaker, you will owe less money in your currency. Hence the fall of the dollar would be beneficial for the countries who owe a debt in dollars and bad for the countries who have loaned out debt in dollars. Also, taking debt in dollars becomes cheaper if the value of the dollar falls since the US treasury interest rates are directly tied to dollars, hence it becomes cheaper to borrow in dollars. Also, as I said, if it grows weaker still, yo will owe less money. One more thing to consider regarding fall of the Dollar is this. Until now, the oil producers have been buying US treasury bonds due to the Bretton Woods deal. Other countries and US and other corporations do so too. Now, the US treasury gives a fixed rate of interest to those investing in the treasury. This rate, in turn, is linked to the value of the dollar. Stronger the dollar, more the interest on US Treasury bonds and more the foreign countries invest in it. Now this means that these foreign countries would much rather invest their money in US Treasury at an assured fixed rate of interest than investing it in 3rd world countries and take a risk of maybe losing it. However, if the value of the dollar were to fall, the countries would much rather draw out of the US treasury and invest more in the startups in different countries, domestically etc. The other side of the same coin would be the countries dependent on US investment. Should the value of the dollar fall, the investment being received from the US would be of a lesser value. On the other hand, there is one more thing. Like I said, investments in dollars are governed by the US treasury rules. Now, basically, US banks have cut the taxes on money transfer and conversion, artificially keeping them very low to fuel the domestic and world trade etc. If the dollar were to collapse, people wouldn’t trade in dollars. They would trade in other currencies. The inter banking across the world would be then governed by the rules of the currency you trade in, for eg, BRICS nations will follow the tariffs etc of the Shanghai Bank where most of the reserves are held. So that effect would then depend on the rules of the bank you deal with and that can be detrimental or beneficial depending on the bank’s policies compared to the dollar. Also, countries having holdings in the US treasury would lose the entire value of their foreign reserves. On the other hand countries like BRICS who have their reserves in other international banks would retain the value of their foreign reserves in those banks. What does this mean? Let's consider a currency X. X would also fall with the fall of the dollar in its current state. Now, we usually run around with the perception that X is backed by gold, That’s not true. The truth is 99% of today’s currencies US Dollar, Euro, Yen, all of them are fiat currencies i.e. their value is not determined by the gold they hold but by the economic strength of the government and the trust of the world in that currency. Only an average of 4–7% of any country’s currency is today, backed by gold. US Dollar - 4.5%, Similarly X lets say is - 5%. The rest is held in the terms of foreign reserves in other countries like in the form of US Dollar (for X lets say, its around 70%) in US treasury bonds, in world bank or IMF, in other currencies ( lets say for X its around 25%) and other foreign reserves etc. Currently, if you have X1000, only X50 is gold, around X670, is held in the form of US dollars and X280 in other currencies. You might ask why is that? Well, remember the Bretton Woods agreement. At that time US had 75% of the world’s gold which backed dollar and dollar backed other currencies so most of the currency of any country was backed directly or indirectly by dollar by gold. Now, it is difficult to keep gold in your country so it was convenient for other countries to just hold foreign reserves in dollars especially with the fixed exchange rates they provided. Hence more and more portion of their currency was being held in dollars. However, after Nixon shock of 1971, dollar removed its gold backing. So, automatically all other currencies that were backed by the dollar (99% of the world currencies) also became fiat currencies as a result. However, the dollar was still good and trusted so no one thought much of it, especially since dollars were being printed out of thin air. However, now with the prospect of the trust in dollar fading, this has started to worry some experts. Because of the senseless printing of dollars and in exchange all the fiat currencies, the total amount of currency can nowhere near be compensated by the gold reserves even if all the gold in the world was put together. It would form not more than 10% of the currency in the world. Now, putting this disturbing detail aside, if Dollar were to collapse, X670 of your X1000 would become worthless, too. So, it isn’t wise to hold US dollars, is it? No its, not and many countries have woken up to that fact. China has been secretly amassing large amounts of gold. OPEC countries have started removing their capital from US treasury. See, these oil producers have been receiving US gold in exchange for trading oil in US dollars and have accumulated holdings in other countries’ treasuries. Now with all the crazy gold, they have received they have bought material assets like real estate etc even in other countries. Now, they can simply sell out their US treasury bonds and buy more assets such as gold and real estate from it, which they have been doing in the recent years. Now, this will start depleting the treasury and cause the fall in the value of the dollar, in turn, causing other countries to withdraw and invest elsewhere. That, coupled with Russia and China doing trade in Roubles and Yuan, India and Iraq trading oil outside of dollar, Germany and China trading outside of Dollar, the strengthening of BRICS bank etc, Dollar has been showing a steady decline. [Edit :the petrodollar is based on a commodity that is being depleted. Oil reserves are declining and the world is moving towards other sources - gree energy, nuclear energy etc. So the petrodollar decline is destined. However, what would US do next? US could shift to backing the dollar with nuclear reserves or some new crazy idea out of someone's hat. That will, inevitably affect all other countries. Which brings us to: The thing that worries most nations is this - having international trade and foreign reserves in dollars gives US a single handed say on their economies. Just like Nixon's unilateral decision changed the fate of all currencies, other decisions by it can also change their economies. US can dictate their rules and if you don't follow them - sanctions. This is one of the major reasons Putin has teamed up with China - in order to bypass US sanctions. By passing Dollar would take away the power of the US to unilaterally change the playing field. So the countries want to take back the power of making decisions in their own hands.] On the other hand, China's attempt to start a gold backed currency may not pan out because like I said all the gold in the world is not sufficient to back all the currencies in the world. Also, since most currencies still have a large amount of dollar backing, fall of the dollar would make that percent of the currency valueless and therefore even have a reserve in another foreign currency could still cause a fall in X currency though it might be a little mitigated. On the other hand, fiat currencies are run by the investors' trust in the currency. So even if the dollar falls, a fiat currency with foreign reserves in the dollar may not fall because the confidence in that currency is still high. Sadly, such a currency would be Chinese Yuan (or am I wrong about that?). So, the policy to fix this? I am still trying to work on that solution. Though I have come to believe that neither the fiat currencies nor the gold backed currency are a solution. Maybe taking gold, platinum, silver and other precious metals together would be a basis. Maybe Us could switch from oil backing (oil will deplete in a few years anyway) to nuclear reserves happen. That would be a similar thing, just the power would no longer be in the hands of the middle east. I don't know. This is a post in evolution. My thoughts on this are still in evolution and I would really like some economists to come and hold a serious, well informed and sane discussion on this. That’s all I can think of for now, I will add more when it occurs to me. In addition to this, there has a very interesting discussion on Bitcoins in this relation which I will summarize below: The discussion started with the question: do you think blockchain technologies like bitcoin could mitigate the lack of total amount of gold in the world? The following points came up: I don't think that is possible. Bitcoins, too, are created out of thin air. Though there is a cap on the total number of bitcoins to be created (21 million), this is high in the debate to accommodate the need for more transactions. If the rules were changed and more bitcoins were generated, it would have the same effect as the dollar. The value of the bit coin, too, depends on the willingness of everyone to use Bitcoin as a currency. So it is basically a more extreme version of a dollar with additional problems. Bitcoin suffers extensive volatility. It is very unstable to use as a reliable replacement currency. In my understanding, Bitcoin uses people/their computers computing problems (computing problems is a method to verify the transactions happening through block chain) as a sort of cost for earning/mining the Bitcoins in an indirect fashion. That would be similar to if one were to link the value of a currency with the productivity of the country. That is liable to fluctuation and hence there would be extreme fluctuation in the value of the currency as well. Now bit coin has no determined exchange rate. It has no backing in terms of gold or dollars or real estate or anything. It has a value that the collective consensus agrees its value to be and that fluctuates massively, even more than stock exchange. If people start selling bitcoins, its value falls, if they start buying bitcoins, its value rises. It is a form of virtual stock exchange on steroids. It runs simply on basis of faith. So while many traders do accept bitcoins, they still maintain actual currencies as the primary mode of transaction. One thing I like about bitcoin is that it bypasses the banking system and hence makes transactions everywhere much easier. It also takes off the effect of the governmental fiscal/monetary policies on affecting the world. However, other policies can still affect it. Eg. internet security policies, massive firewalls etc. Next, another problem with it being decentralized is that there is no mechanism or body to resolve disputes. I mentioned a firewall. China has a massive firewall that causes Chinese Bitcoin network to get disconnected from the rest of the world for days. So, the Chinese keep carrying out transactions in a different virtual world and the rest of the world is in a different virtual world.When the worlds collide after a couple of days, the issues are not resolvable and there is no one to settle disputes. The format of the bitcoin is this. Right now it pays block benefits to miners that form 99% of their revenue. Later, as the number of bitcoins to be mined decreases, this is to be replaced by a transaction fees revenue. Now, the number of people using it is low. Therefore the transaction cost would go very high making the transactions in bitcoins costlier and decreasing the number of transactions taking place in it and devaluing the currency. And the people sort of in control of its policy are split on how to handle that issue. Next, there are other currencies like Ethereum etc that are coming up and we see Chinese investing much more in Ethereum than in Bitcoin. Now, again, even Ethereum has no intrinsic value and there is no way to determine the value of one currency against another. Next, there is again the problem of founding currencies on currencies. Like with the dollar backing all currencies of the world, there are people creating currencies backed by existing cryptocurrencies eg Kin over Ethereum. This again causes pegging of currencies to another one and hence presents the dollar problem in a digital format. Next, Bitcoin seriously threatens political power and banks. Hence, it will suffer a severe backlash from them. While they cannot control the blockchain, they can change internet and capital policies and control the ends of the chain and levy backward taxes etc and hence manipulate these as well. Also, as the number of bitcoins is limited, the number of people mining it is less and a trend of hoarders and squatters is emerging even with Bitcoin. When Bitcoin started you could just mine bitcoins using your CPU and GPU. The amount you earn depends on the number of transactions you verify through solving problems. Therefore the more problems you solve per minute, the more bitcoins you earn per minute. Therefore the more speedy and memory savvy your equipment and faster your internet speeds, the more bitcoins you earn. Sadly, with the increasing competition in the Bit-world and the flood of greedy/opportunistic Chinese among other people swarming the cryptocurrency markets, the equipment required to mine bitcoins is getting more and more expensive which concentrates the ability of mining in the hands of people who are ready to seriously invest in expensive and high-speed hardware. This would again lead to a sort of centralization of power with the people holding bitcoins and they can internally manipulate the currency which would then again cause people to lose the appeal and defeat the whole purpose of it. It also increases the risks of 51% attacks, again something that will cause bitcoiners to abandon ship. Also, if bitcoin is going to cut the rewards for mining, it will be less and less profitable or even profitable for miners and hence they will stop mining and maybe sell off the Bitcoins. Also with the sort of disarray in the management of the bit-system, some of the transactions are taking hours and even days to go through creating more and more hassles for the users. Plus, what happens if the servers in your area are down or there is a power outage due to some reason and bitcoin is the only currency in the world? Also, Bitcoin runs on the collective ledger kept around the world of all transactions happened and happening in real time. One cannot use most Bit-Wallets without downloading all of this data. The data increases with every new user and every minute Bitcoin is in use. As time passes and Bit-users grow, this data will reach gigantic proportions. This again puts limitations on Bitcoin to be more and more feasible for people who can afford to invest in expensive hardware that can store massive amounts of data. Since that would decrease the number of users, the overall number of users in the bit-system will be maintained within a certain range because of this. Since the pool of people and transactions will be less, the transaction fees charged to keep paying benefits will become higher causing lesser transactions the currency to collapse. So, the currency is young and there are so many things to consider. It also needs to evolve a lot before it can be even universally be accepted as a currency. I cannot say whether it could replace the currency systems or not, whether it should replace them or not. You will find very strong opinions on either side. I believe it will have a parallel role for about a decade before such a question can come close to a possible answer. Trends will be clearer after some time. All I can give you is my opinion for in what context bitcoin should use. IMO it might be wiser to use Bitcoin as a transaction currency instead of a primary currency. What I mean by that is, unpeg the currencies from the dollar, allow the free market to decide the value of your currency and the exchange rates and determine the absolute value of a bitcoin-like currency. Then make a bitcoin-like currency which can be both virtual and physical that is universally accepted for trade wherein it is just a means of exchange in cases of international trade. Also, let everyone (countries) using it have a say in the administrative decisions of it. Moreover, a world currency will never be possible. Weaker economies require a weaker currency for their benefit and stronger economies require stronger currencies for their benefit. When you have a common currency with different economic strength countries, you end up with something like the crisis in Greece because of the Euro. There is a lot to consider for that. Free Floating exchange rates also came up. In addition to that, before 1944, the world was linked to gold standard. So that allowed for easy capital mobility and currencies were not dependent on currency. After Bretton woods, the problem was pegging of the currencies to US Dollar which tied all the currencies to the fate of the dollar. So its not that even a fixed rate system can't work, it can, maybe not in the form of gold standard but some other form. Th problem is there shouldn't be too much power in the hands of one person. and While I do think in today's scenario, free float would work but that restricts trade and while it will be beneficial for countries like China and even Germany which are producers and will help them to boom domestic market it will not be welcomed by the west as they are dependent on trade to provide for their basic needs and local production and increased difficulty of trade by free float would increase their cost of living tremendously. Don't you think? Thoughts in evolution. and Unless there is a universal trading currency that is decentralized and controlled by equal votes by every country using it and has a set value. So, it would be something like a dollar but maybe rooted to an anchor for value like in olden days it was gold. It could be something else now, a proportionate part of which can be held in the reserves of different countries and allows for easy trade and exchange across the globe but prevents the monopoly of one country.
1. Introduction. According to Nakamoto (2008), Bitcoin is a peer-to-peer electronic cash system which allows online payments to be sent directly from one party to another without going through a financial institution.This definition suggests that Bitcoin is mainly used as an alternative currency. However, Bitcoin can also be used as an asset and thus would serve a different purpose. Bitcoin price volatility expected as 47% of BTC options expire next Friday 20-09-2020 03:15 via cointelegraph.com 47% of Bitcoin options expire next Friday, meaning BTC could be on the verge of a trend defining move. The volatility of the bolivar is greater than Bitcoin’s value fluctuation, but Bitcoin’s volatility has been such that it passed from an all-time high price of $17500 in December 2017 to $3300 in December 2018 and then reached $7800 just five months later 51. Additionally, there is no certainty that the role of Bitcoin can be more than just ... Bitcoin Realized Volatility Falls to a Level that Last Time Led to the ‘Great Sell-off of November 2018' Bitcoin price is still stuck while futures remain in contango. Meanwhile, the stock market is surging, which apparently takes just a headline. Bitcoin’s exchange rate volatility in 2013 was 142%, an order of magnitude higher than the exchange rate volatilities of the other currencies, which fall between 7% and 12%. Gold, which is a plausible alternative to these currencies as a store of value, had a volatility of 22% in 2013 based on its dollar-denominated exchange rate.
We are bringing bitcoin to ... Skip navigation Sign in. Search. Loading... Close. This video is unavailable. Watch Queue Queue. Watch Queue Queue. The Bitcoin exchange rate is totally divorced from the influence of any banking or financial institution or body and there is no single entity that oversees the supply of Crypto Currency. bitcoin exchange usd to bitcoin bitcoin wallet bitcoin miner ... bitcoin mine bitcoin stock litecoin bitcoin worth reddit bitcoin bitcoin exchange rate free bitcoin. Category Howto & Style; ... bitcoins buy, bitcoins exchange, bitcoins exchange rate, bitcoins gbp, bitcoins market, bitcoins markets, bitcoins price, bitcoins price chart, bitcoins to gbp, buy a bitcoin, buy bitcoin, buy ... This video is unavailable. Watch Queue Queue. Watch Queue Queue